Namespaces
Variants
Views
Actions

std::replace, std::replace_if

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | algorithm
 
 
Algorithm library
Execution policies (C++17)
Non-modifying sequence operations
(C++11)(C++11)(C++11)
(C++17)
Modifying sequence operations
replacereplace_if
(until C++17)

Operations on uninitialized storage
Partitioning operations
Sorting operations
(C++11)
Binary search operations
Set operations (on sorted ranges)
Heap operations
(C++11)
Minimum/maximum operations
(C++11)
(C++17)
Permutations
Numeric operations
C library
 
Defined in header <algorithm>
(1)
template< class ForwardIt, class T >

void replace( ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last,

              const T& old_value, const T& new_value );
(until C++20)
template< class ForwardIt, class T >

constexpr void replace( ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last,

                        const T& old_value, const T& new_value );
(since C++20)
template< class ExecutionPolicy, class ForwardIt, class T >

void replace( ExecutionPolicy&& policy, ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last,

              const T& old_value, const T& new_value );
(2) (since C++17)
(3)
template< class ForwardIt, class UnaryPredicate, class T >

void replace_if( ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last,

                 UnaryPredicate p, const T& new_value );
(until C++20)
template< class ForwardIt, class UnaryPredicate, class T >

constexpr void replace_if( ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last,

                           UnaryPredicate p, const T& new_value );
(since C++20)
template< class ExecutionPolicy, class ForwardIt, class UnaryPredicate, class T >

void replace_if( ExecutionPolicy&& policy, ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last,

                 UnaryPredicate p, const T& new_value );
(4) (since C++17)

Replaces all elements satisfying specific criteria with new_value in the range [first, last).

1) Replaces all elements that are equal to old_value.
3) Replaces all elements for which predicate p returns true.
2,4) Same as (1,3), but executed according to policy. These overloads do not participate in overload resolution unless std::is_execution_policy_v<std::decay_t<ExecutionPolicy>> is true

Contents

[edit] Parameters

first, last - the range of elements to process
old_value - the value of elements to replace
policy - the execution policy to use. See execution policy for details.
p - unary predicate which returns ​true if the element value should be replaced.

The expression p(v) must be convertible to bool for every argument v of type (possibly const) VT, where VT is the value type of ForwardIt, regardless of value category, and must not modify v. Thus, a parameter type of VT&is not allowed, nor is VT unless for VT a move is equivalent to a copy (since C++11). ​

new_value - the value to use as replacement
Type requirements
-
ForwardIt must meet the requirements of LegacyForwardIterator.
-
UnaryPredicate must meet the requirements of Predicate.

[edit] Return value

(none)

[edit] Complexity

Exactly last - first applications of the predicate.

[edit] Exceptions

The overloads with a template parameter named ExecutionPolicy report errors as follows:

  • If execution of a function invoked as part of the algorithm throws an exception and ExecutionPolicy is one of the three standard policies, std::terminate is called. For any other ExecutionPolicy, the behavior is implementation-defined.
  • If the algorithm fails to allocate memory, std::bad_alloc is thrown.

[edit] Notes

Because the algorithm takes old_value and new_value by reference, it can have unexpected behavior if either is a reference to an element of the range [first, last).

[edit] Possible implementation

First version
template<class ForwardIt, class T>
void replace(ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last,
             const T& old_value, const T& new_value)
{
    for (; first != last; ++first) {
        if (*first == old_value) {
            *first = new_value;
        }
    }
}
Second version
template<class ForwardIt, class UnaryPredicate, class T>
void replace_if(ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last,
                UnaryPredicate p, const T& new_value)
{
    for (; first != last; ++first) {
        if(p(*first)) {
            *first = new_value;
        }
    }
}

[edit] Example

The following code at first replaces all occurrences of 8 with 88 in a vector of integers. Then it replaces all values less than 5 with 55.

#include <algorithm>
#include <array>
#include <iostream>
#include <functional>
 
int main()
{
    std::array<int, 10> s{5, 7, 4, 2, 8, 6, 1, 9, 0, 3};
 
    std::replace(s.begin(), s.end(), 8, 88);
 
    for (int a : s) {
        std::cout << a << " ";
    }
    std::cout << '\n';
 
    std::replace_if(s.begin(), s.end(), 
                    std::bind(std::less<int>(), std::placeholders::_1, 5), 55);
    for (int a : s) {
        std::cout << a << " ";
    }
    std::cout << '\n';
}

Output:

5 7 4 2 88 6 1 9 0 3
5 7 55 55 88 6 55 9 55 55

[edit] See also

copies a range, replacing elements satisfying specific criteria with another value
(function template) [edit]