< cpp‎ | algorithm
Algorithm library
Constrained algorithms and algorithms on ranges (C++20)
Constrained algorithms, e.g. ranges::copy, ranges::sort, ...
Execution policies (C++17)
Non-modifying sequence operations
Batch operations
Search operations
(C++11)                (C++11)(C++11)

Modifying sequence operations
Copy operations
Swap operations
Transformation operations
Generation operations
Removing operations
Order-changing operations
(until C++17)(C++11)
Sampling operations

Sorting and related operations
Partitioning operations
Sorting operations
Binary search operations
(on partitioned ranges)
Set operations (on sorted ranges)
Merge operations (on sorted ranges)
Heap operations
Minimum/maximum operations
Lexicographical comparison operations
Permutation operations
C library
Numeric operations
Operations on uninitialized memory
Defined in header <algorithm>
template< class BidirIt, class UnaryPred >
BidirIt stable_partition( BidirIt first, BidirIt last, UnaryPred p );
(1) (constexpr since C++26)
template< class ExecutionPolicy, class BidirIt, class UnaryPred >

BidirIt stable_partition( ExecutionPolicy&& policy,

                          BidirIt first, BidirIt last, UnaryPred p );
(2) (since C++17)
1) Reorders the elements in the range [firstlast) in such a way that all elements for which the predicate p returns true precede the elements for which predicate p returns false. Relative order of the elements is preserved.
2) Same as (1), but executed according to policy.
This overload participates in overload resolution only if

std::is_execution_policy_v<std::decay_t<ExecutionPolicy>> is true.

(until C++20)

std::is_execution_policy_v<std::remove_cvref_t<ExecutionPolicy>> is true.

(since C++20)

If any of the following conditions is satisfied, the behavior is undefined:

(until C++11)
(since C++11)


[edit] Parameters

first, last - the range of elements to reorder
policy - the execution policy to use. See execution policy for details.
p - unary predicate which returns ​true if the element should be ordered before other elements.

The expression p(v) must be convertible to bool for every argument v of type (possibly const) VT, where VT is the value type of BidirIt, regardless of value category, and must not modify v. Thus, a parameter type of VT&is not allowed, nor is VT unless for VT a move is equivalent to a copy(since C++11). ​

Type requirements
BidirIt must meet the requirements of LegacyBidirectionalIterator.
UnaryPred must meet the requirements of Predicate.

[edit] Return value

Iterator to the first element of the second group.

[edit] Complexity

Given N as std::distance(first, last):

1) Exactly N applications of p.
O(N) swaps if there is enough extra memory, otherwise at most N⋅log
2) O(N) applications of p.
N⋅log(N) swaps.

[edit] Exceptions

The overload with a template parameter named ExecutionPolicy reports errors as follows:

  • If execution of a function invoked as part of the algorithm throws an exception and ExecutionPolicy is one of the standard policies, std::terminate is called. For any other ExecutionPolicy, the behavior is implementation-defined.
  • If the algorithm fails to allocate memory, std::bad_alloc is thrown.

[edit] Notes

This function attempts to allocate a temporary buffer. If the allocation fails, the less efficient algorithm is chosen.

Implementations in libc++ and libstdc++ also accept ranges denoted by LegacyForwardIterators as an extension.

Feature-test macro Value Std Feature
__cpp_lib_constexpr_algorithms 202306L constexpr stable sorting

[edit] Example

#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
int main()
    std::vector<int> v{0, 0, 3, -1, 2, 4, 5, 0, 7};
    std::stable_partition(v.begin(), v.end(), [](int n) { return n > 0; });
    for (int n : v)
        std::cout << n << ' ';
    std::cout << '\n';


3 2 4 5 7 0 0 -1 0

[edit] Defect reports

The following behavior-changing defect reports were applied retroactively to previously published C++ standards.

DR Applied to Behavior as published Correct behavior
LWG 2150 C++98 std::stable_partition was only required to place one
element satisfying p before one element not satisfying p
corrected the

[edit] See also

divides a range of elements into two groups
(function template) [edit]
divides elements into two groups while preserving their relative order