< cpp‎ | algorithm
Algorithm library
Constrained algorithms and algorithms on ranges (C++20)
Constrained algorithms, e.g. ranges::copy, ranges::sort, ...
Execution policies (C++17)
Non-modifying sequence operations
Batch operations
Search operations
(C++11)                (C++11)(C++11)

Modifying sequence operations
Copy operations
Swap operations

Transformation operations
Generation operations
Removing operations
Order-changing operations
(until C++17)(C++11)
Sampling operations

Sorting and related operations
Partitioning operations
Sorting operations
Binary search operations
(on partitioned ranges)
Set operations (on sorted ranges)
Merge operations (on sorted ranges)
Heap operations
Minimum/maximum operations
Lexicographical comparison operations
Permutation operations
C library
Numeric operations
Operations on uninitialized memory
Defined in header <algorithm>
template< class ForwardIt1, class ForwardIt2 >

ForwardIt2 swap_ranges( ForwardIt1 first1, ForwardIt1 last1,

                        ForwardIt2 first2 );
(1) (constexpr since C++20)
template< class ExecutionPolicy,

          class ForwardIt1, class ForwardIt2 >
ForwardIt2 swap_ranges( ExecutionPolicy&& policy,
                        ForwardIt1 first1, ForwardIt1 last1,

                        ForwardIt2 first2 );
(2) (since C++17)
1) Exchanges elements between range [first1last1) and another range of std::distance(first1, last1) elements starting at first2.
2) Same as (1), but executed according to policy.
This overload participates in overload resolution only if

std::is_execution_policy_v<std::decay_t<ExecutionPolicy>> is true.

(until C++20)

std::is_execution_policy_v<std::remove_cvref_t<ExecutionPolicy>> is true.

(since C++20)

If any of the following conditions is satisfied, the behavior is undefined:

  • The two ranges overlap.
  • There exists a pair of corresponding iterators iter1 and iter2 in the two ranges such that *iter1 is not Swappable with *iter2.


[edit] Parameters

first1, last1 - the first range of elements to swap
first2 - beginning of the second range of elements to swap
policy - the execution policy to use. See execution policy for details.
Type requirements
ForwardIt1, ForwardIt2 must meet the requirements of LegacyForwardIterator.

[edit] Return value

Iterator to the element past the last element exchanged in the range beginning with first2.

[edit] Complexity

Exactly std::distance(first1, last1) swaps.

[edit] Exceptions

The overload with a template parameter named ExecutionPolicy reports errors as follows:

  • If execution of a function invoked as part of the algorithm throws an exception and ExecutionPolicy is one of the standard policies, std::terminate is called. For any other ExecutionPolicy, the behavior is implementation-defined.
  • If the algorithm fails to allocate memory, std::bad_alloc is thrown.

[edit] Notes

Implementations (e.g. MSVC STL) may enable vectorization when the iterator type satisfies LegacyContiguousIterator and swapping its value type calls neither non-trivial special member function nor ADL-found swap.

[edit] Possible implementation

template<class ForwardIt1, class ForwardIt2>
constexpr //< since C++20
ForwardIt2 swap_ranges(ForwardIt1 first1, ForwardIt1 last1, ForwardIt2 first2)
    for (; first1 != last1; ++first1, ++first2)
        std::iter_swap(first1, first2);
    return first2;

[edit] Example

Demonstrates swapping of subranges from different containers.

#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>
#include <list>
#include <vector>
auto print = [](auto comment, auto const& seq)
    std::cout << comment;
    for (const auto& e : seq)
        std::cout << e << ' ';
    std::cout << '\n';
int main()
    std::vector<char> v{'a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e'};
    std::list<char> l{'1', '2', '3', '4', '5'};
    print("Before swap_ranges:\n" "v: ", v);
    print("l: ", l);
    std::swap_ranges(v.begin(), v.begin() + 3, l.begin());
    print("After swap_ranges:\n" "v: ", v);
    print("l: ", l);


Before swap_ranges:
v: a b c d e
l: 1 2 3 4 5
After swap_ranges:
v: 1 2 3 d e
l: a b c 4 5

[edit] See also

swaps the elements pointed to by two iterators
(function template) [edit]
swaps the values of two objects
(function template) [edit]
swaps two ranges of elements