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std::transform_reduce

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | algorithm
 
 
Algorithm library
Constrained algorithms and algorithms on ranges (C++20)
Constrained algorithms, e.g. std::ranges::copy, std::ranges::sort, ...
Execution policies (C++17)
Non-modifying sequence operations
(C++11)(C++11)(C++11)
(C++17)
Modifying sequence operations
Partitioning operations
Sorting operations
(C++11)
Binary search operations
Set operations (on sorted ranges)
Heap operations
(C++11)
Minimum/maximum operations
(C++11)
(C++17)

Permutations
Numeric operations
(C++17)
transform_reduce
(C++17)
Operations on uninitialized storage
(C++17)
(C++17)
(C++17)
C library
 
Defined in header <numeric>
(1)
template< class InputIt1, class InputIt2, class T >

T transform_reduce( InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
                    InputIt2 first2,

                    T init );
(since C++17)
(until C++20)
template< class InputIt1, class InputIt2, class T >

constexpr
T transform_reduce( InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
                    InputIt2 first2,

                    T init );
(since C++20)
(2)
template< class InputIt1, class InputIt2,

          class T,
          class BinaryReductionOp,
          class BinaryTransformOp >
T transform_reduce( InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
                    InputIt2 first2,
                    T init,
                    BinaryReductionOp reduce,

                    BinaryTransformOp transform );
(since C++17)
(until C++20)
template< class InputIt1, class InputIt2,

          class T,
          class BinaryReductionOp,
          class BinaryTransformOp >
constexpr
T transform_reduce( InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
                    InputIt2 first2,
                    T init,
                    BinaryReductionOp reduce,

                    BinaryTransformOp transform );
(since C++20)
(3)
template< class InputIt,

          class T,
          class BinaryReductionOp,
          class UnaryTransformOp >
T transform_reduce( InputIt first, InputIt last,
                    T init,
                    BinaryReductionOp reduce,

                    UnaryTransformOp transform );
(since C++17)
(until C++20)
template< class InputIt, class T,

          class BinaryReductionOp,
          class UnaryTransformOp >
constexpr
T transform_reduce( InputIt first, InputIt last,
                    T init,
                    BinaryReductionOp reduce,

                    UnaryTransformOp transform );
(since C++20)
template< class ExecutionPolicy,

          class ForwardIt1, class ForwardIt2, class T >
T transform_reduce( ExecutionPolicy&& policy,
                    ForwardIt1 first1, ForwardIt1 last1,
                    ForwardIt2 first2,

                    T init );
(4) (since C++17)
template< class ExecutionPolicy,

          class ForwardIt1, class ForwardIt2, class T,
          class BinaryReductionOp,
          class BinaryTransformOp >
T transform_reduce( ExecutionPolicy&& policy,
                    ForwardIt1 first1, ForwardIt1 last1,
                    ForwardIt2 first2,
                    T init,
                    BinaryReductionOp reduce,

                    BinaryTransformOp transform );
(5) (since C++17)
template< class ExecutionPolicy,

          class ForwardIt, class T,
          class BinaryReductionOp,
          class UnaryTransformOp >
T transform_reduce( ExecutionPolicy&& policy,
                    ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last,
                    T init,
                    BinaryReductionOp reduce,

                    UnaryTransformOp transform );
(6) (since C++17)
1) Equivalent to std::transform_reduce(first1, last1, first2, init, std::plus<>(), std::multiplies<>());, effectively parallelized version of the default std::inner_product
2) Applies transform to each pair of elements from the ranges [first; last) and the range starting at first2 and reduces the results (possibly permuted and aggregated in unspecified manner) along with the initial value init over reduce
3) Applies transform to each element in the range [first; last) and reduces the results (possibly permuted and aggregated in unspecified manner) along with the initial value init over reduce.
4-6) Same as (1-3), but executed according to policy. These overloads do not participate in overload resolution unless std::is_execution_policy_v<std::decay_t<ExecutionPolicy>> (until C++20) std::is_execution_policy_v<std::remove_cvref_t<ExecutionPolicy>> (since C++20) is true.

The behavior is non-deterministic if reduce/transform is not associative or not commutative.

The behavior is undefined if reduce, or transform modifies any element or invalidates any iterator in the input ranges, including their end iterators.

Contents

[edit] Parameters

first, last - the range of elements to apply the algorithm to
init - the initial value of the generalized sum
policy - the execution policy to use. See execution policy for details.
reduce - binary FunctionObject that will be applied in unspecified order to the results of transform, the results of other reduce and init.
transform - unary FunctionObject that will be applied to each element of the input range. The return type must be acceptable as input to reduce
Type requirements
-
T must meet the requirements of MoveConstructible in order to use overloads (3,6). and the result of the expressions reduce(init, transform(*first)), reduce(transform(*first), init), reduce(init, init), and reduce(transform(*first), transform(*first)) must be convertible to T
-
T must meet the requirements of MoveConstructible in order to use overloads (2,5). and the result of the expressions reduce(init, transform(*first1, *first2)), reduce(transform(*first1, *first2), init), reduce(init, init), and reduce(transform(*first1, *first2), transform(*first1, *first2)) must be convertible to T
-
InputIt must meet the requirements of LegacyInputIterator.
-
ForwardIt must meet the requirements of LegacyForwardIterator.

[edit] Return value

2) Generalized sum of init and transform(*first,*first2), transform(*(first+1),*(first2+1)), ..., over reduce
3) Generalized sum of init and transform(*first), transform(*(first+1)), ... transform(*(last-1)) over reduce,

where generalized sum GSUM(op, a
1
, ..., a
N
)
is defined as follows:

  • if N=1, a
    1
  • if N > 1, op(GSUM(op, b
    1
    , ..., b
    K
    ), GSUM(op, b
    M
    , ..., b
    N
    ))
    where
  • b
    1
    , ..., b
    N
    may be any permutation of a1, ..., aN and
  • 1 < K+1 = M ≤ N

in other words, the results of transform or of reduce may be grouped and arranged in arbitrary order.

[edit] Complexity

1,2,4,5) O(last1 - first1) applications each of reduce and transform.
3,6) O(last - first) applications each of transform and reduce.

[edit] Exceptions

The overloads with a template parameter named ExecutionPolicy report errors as follows:

  • If execution of a function invoked as part of the algorithm throws an exception and ExecutionPolicy is one of the standard policies, std::terminate is called. For any other ExecutionPolicy, the behavior is implementation-defined.
  • If the algorithm fails to allocate memory, std::bad_alloc is thrown.

[edit] Notes

In the unary-binary overload (3,6), transform is not applied to init

If first == last or first1 == last1, init is returned, unmodified

[edit] Example

transform_reduce can be used to parallelize std::inner_product:

#include <vector>
#include <functional>
#include <iostream>
#include <numeric>
#include <execution>
 
int main()
{
    std::vector<double> xvalues(10007, 1.0), yvalues(10007, 1.0);
 
    double result = std::transform_reduce(
        std::execution::par,
        xvalues.begin(), xvalues.end(),
        yvalues.begin(), 0.0
    );
    std::cout << result << '\n';
}

Output:

10007

[edit] See also

sums up a range of elements
(function template) [edit]
applies a function to a range of elements, storing results in a destination range
(function template) [edit]
(C++17)
similar to std::accumulate, except out of order
(function template) [edit]