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std::atomic<T>::is_lock_free

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | atomic‎ | atomic
 
 
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Atomic types
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Initialization of atomic types
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bool is_lock_free() const noexcept;
(1) (since C++11)
bool is_lock_free() const volatile noexcept;
(2) (since C++11)

Checks whether the atomic operations on all objects of this type are lock-free.

Contents

[edit] Parameters

(none)

[edit] Return value

true if the atomic operations on the objects of this type are lock-free, false otherwise.

[edit] Notes

All atomic types except for std::atomic_flag may be implemented using mutexes or other locking operations, rather than using the lock-free atomic CPU instructions. Atomic types are also allowed to be sometimes lock-free, e.g. if only aligned memory accesses are naturally atomic on a given architecture, misaligned objects of the same type have to use locks.

The C++ standard recommends (but does not require) that lock-free atomic operations are also address-free, that is, suitable for communication between processes using shared memory.

[edit] Example

#include <atomic>
#include <iostream>
#include <utility>
 
struct A { int a[100]; };
struct B { int x, y; };
 
int main()
{
    std::cout << std::boolalpha
              << "std::atomic<A> is lock free? "
              << std::atomic<A>{}.is_lock_free() << '\n'
              << "std::atomic<B> is lock free? "
              << std::atomic<B>{}.is_lock_free() << '\n';
}

Possible output:

std::atomic<A> is lock free? false
std::atomic<B> is lock free? true

[edit] See also

checks if the atomic type's operations are lock-free
(function template) [edit]
specializes atomic operations for std::shared_ptr
(function template)
[static] (C++17)
indicates that the type is always lock-free
(public static member constant) [edit]