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std::list<T,Allocator>::swap

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | container‎ | list
 
 
Containers library
Sequence
(C++11)
Associative
Unordered associative
Adaptors
Views
(C++20)
 
 
void swap( list& other );
(until C++17)
void swap( list& other ) noexcept(/* see below */);
(since C++17)

Exchanges the contents of the container with those of other. Does not invoke any move, copy, or swap operations on individual elements.

All iterators and references remain valid. It is unspecified whether an iterator holding the past-the-end value in this container will refer to this or the other container after the operation.


If std::allocator_traits<allocator_type>::propagate_on_container_swap::value is true, then the allocators are exchanged using an unqualified call to non-member swap. Otherwise, they are not swapped (and if get_allocator() != other.get_allocator(), the behavior is undefined).

(since C++11)

Contents

[edit] Parameters

other - container to exchange the contents with

[edit] Return value

(none)

[edit] Exceptions

(none)

(until C++17)
noexcept specification:  
noexcept(std::allocator_traits<Allocator>::is_always_equal::value)
(since C++17)

[edit] Complexity

Constant.

[edit] Example

#include <iostream>
#include <list>
 
template<class Os, class Co> Os& operator<<(Os& os, const Co& co) {
    os << "{";
    for (auto const& i : co) { os << ' ' << i; }
    return os << " } ";
}
 
int main()
{
    std::list<int> a1{1, 2, 3}, a2{4, 5};
 
    auto it1 = std::next(a1.begin());
    auto it2 = std::next(a2.begin());
 
    int& ref1 = a1.front();
    int& ref2 = a2.front();
 
    std::cout << a1 << a2 << *it1 << ' ' << *it2 << ' ' << ref1 << ' ' << ref2 << '\n';
    a1.swap(a2);
    std::cout << a1 << a2 << *it1 << ' ' << *it2 << ' ' << ref1 << ' ' << ref2 << '\n';
 
    // Note that after swap the iterators and references stay associated with their
    // original elements, e.g. it1 that pointed to an element in 'a1' with value 2
    // still points to the same element, though this element was moved into 'a2'.
}

Output:

{ 1 2 3 } { 4 5 } 2 5 1 4
{ 4 5 } { 1 2 3 } 2 5 1 4

[edit] See also

specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]