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std::multiset<Key,Compare,Allocator>::multiset

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | container‎ | multiset
 
 
Containers library
Sequence
(C++11)
Associative
Unordered associative
Adaptors
Views
(C++20)
 
 
multiset();

explicit multiset( const Compare& comp,

                   const Allocator& alloc = Allocator() );
(1)
explicit multiset( const Allocator& alloc );
(1) (since C++11)
(2)
template< class InputIt >

multiset( InputIt first, InputIt last,
          const Compare& comp = Compare(),

          const Allocator& alloc = Allocator() );
template< class InputIt >

multiset( InputIt first, InputIt last,

          const Allocator& alloc );
(since C++14)
multiset( const multiset& other );
(3)
multiset( const multiset& other, const Allocator& alloc );
(3) (since C++11)
multiset( multiset&& other );
(4) (since C++11)
multiset( multiset&& other, const Allocator& alloc );
(4) (since C++11)
(5)
multiset( std::initializer_list<value_type> init,

          const Compare& comp = Compare(),

          const Allocator& alloc = Allocator() );
(since C++11)
multiset( std::initializer_list<value_type> init,
          const Allocator& );
(since C++14)

Constructs new container from a variety of data sources and optionally using user supplied allocator alloc or comparison function object comp.

1) Constructs an empty container.
2) Constructs the container with the contents of the range [first, last).
3) Copy constructor. Constructs the container with the copy of the contents of other.

If alloc is not provided, allocator is obtained by calling std::allocator_traits<allocator_type>::select_on_container_copy_construction(
    other.get_allocator())
.

(since C++11)

The template parameter Allocator is only deduced from the first argument while used in class template argument deduction.

(since C++23)
4) Move constructor. Constructs the container with the contents of other using move semantics. If alloc is not provided, allocator is obtained by move-construction from the allocator belonging to other.

The template parameter Allocator is only deduced from the first argument while used in class template argument deduction.

(since C++23)
5) Constructs the container with the contents of the initializer list init.

Contents

[edit] Parameters

alloc - allocator to use for all memory allocations of this container
comp - comparison function object to use for all comparisons of keys
first, last - the range to copy the elements from
other - another container to be used as source to initialize the elements of the container with
init - initializer list to initialize the elements of the container with
Type requirements
-
InputIt must meet the requirements of LegacyInputIterator.
-
Compare must meet the requirements of Compare.
-
Allocator must meet the requirements of Allocator.

[edit] Complexity

1) Constant
2) N log(N) where N = std::distance(first, last) in general, linear in N if the range is already sorted by value_comp().
3) Linear in size of other
4) Constant. If alloc is given and alloc != other.get_allocator(), then linear.
5) N log(N) where N = init.size() in general, linear in N if init is already sorted by value_comp().

[edit] Exceptions

Calls to Allocator::allocate may throw.

[edit] Notes

After container move construction (overload (4)), references, pointers, and iterators (other than the end iterator) to other remain valid, but refer to elements that are now in *this. The current standard makes this guarantee via the blanket statement in [container.requirements.general]/12, and a more direct guarantee is under consideration via LWG 2321.

Although not formally required until C++23, some implementations has already put the template parameter Allocator into non-deduced contexts in earlier modes.

[edit] Example

#include <iostream>
#include <string_view>
#include <set>
 
void print(const std::string_view name, const std::multiset<int>& ms)
{
	std::cout << name << ": ";
	for(auto element: ms)
		std::cout << element << " ";
	std::cout << '\n';
}
 
int main()
{
	// (1) Default constructor
	std::multiset<int> a;
	a.insert(4);
	a.insert(3);
	a.insert(2);
	a.insert(1);
	print("a", a);
 
	// (2) Iterator constructor
	std::multiset<int> b(a.begin(), a.find(3));
	print("b", b);
 
	// (3) Copy constructor
	std::multiset<int> c(a);
	print("c", c);
 
	// (4) Move constructor
	std::multiset<int> d(std::move(a));
	print("d", d);
 
	// (5) Initializer list constructor
	std::multiset<int> e {3,2,1,2,4,7,3};
	print("e", e);
}

Output:

a: 1 2 3 4 
b: 1 2 
c: 1 2 3 4 
d: 1 2 3 4 
e: 1 2 2 3 3 4 7

[edit] Defect reports

The following behavior-changing defect reports were applied retroactively to previously published C++ standards.

DR Applied to Behavior as published Correct behavior
LWG 2193 C++11 the default constructor is explicit made non-explicit

[edit] See also

assigns values to the container
(public member function) [edit]