T& at( const Key& key );
(1) (since C++11)
const T& at( const Key& key ) const;
(2) (since C++11)
template< class K >
T& at( const K& x );
(3) (since C++26)
template< class K >
const T& at( const K& x ) const;
(4) (since C++26)

Returns a reference to the mapped value of the element with specified key. If no such element exists, an exception of type std::out_of_range is thrown.

1,2) The key is equivalent to key.
3,4) The key compares equivalent to the value x. The reference to the mapped value is obtained as if by expression this->find(x)->second. The expression this->find(x) must be well-formed and has well-defined behavior. This overload participates in overload resolution only if Hash::is_transparent and KeyEqual::is_transparent are valid and each denotes a type. This assumes that such Hash is callable with both K and Key type, and that the KeyEqual is transparent, which, together, allows calling this function without constructing an instance of Key.


[edit] Parameters

key - the key of the element to find
x - a value of any type that can be transparently compared with a key

[edit] Return value

A reference to the mapped value of the requested element.

[edit] Exceptions

std::out_of_range if the container does not have:

1,2) an element with the specified key.
3,4) the specified element, that is, if find(x) == end() is true.

[edit] Complexity

Average case: constant, worst case: linear in size.


Feature-test macro Value Std Feature
__cpp_lib_associative_heterogeneous_insertion 202311L (C++26) Heterogeneous overloads for the remaining member functions in ordered and unordered associative containers. (3,4)

[edit] Example

[edit] See also

access or insert specified element
(public member function) [edit]