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std::unordered_multimap::equal_range

From cppreference.com
 
 
 
 
std::pair<iterator,iterator> equal_range( const Key& key );
(1) (since C++11)
std::pair<iterator,iterator> equal_range( const Key& key, std::size_t hash );
(1) (since C++20)
std::pair<const_iterator,const_iterator> equal_range( const Key& key ) const;
(2) (since C++11)
std::pair<const_iterator,const_iterator> equal_range( const Key& key,
                                                      std::size_t hash ) const;
(2) (since C++20)
template< class K >
std::pair<iterator,iterator> equal_range( const K& x );
(3) (since C++20)
template< class K >
std::pair<iterator,iterator> equal_range( const K& x, std::size_t hash );
(3) (since C++20)
template< class K >
std::pair<const_iterator,const_iterator> equal_range( const K& x ) const;
(4) (since C++20)
template< class K >

std::pair<const_iterator,const_iterator> equal_range( const K& x,

                                                      std::size_t hash ) const;
(4) (since C++20)
1,2) Returns a range containing all elements with key key in the container. The range is defined by two iterators, the first pointing to the first element of the wanted range and the second pointing past the last element of the range.
3,4) Returns a range containing all elements in the container with key equivalent to x. This overload only participates in overload resolution if the qualified-id Hash::transparent_key_equal is valid and denotes a type. This assumes that such Hash is callable with both K and Key type, and that its key_equal is transparent, which, together, allows calling this function without constructing an instance of Key.

If present, the hash parameter may be used to pass a pre-computed hash value as an optimization. The behavior is undefined if invoking hash_function() on the key passed do not produce the same value as hash.

(since C++20)

Contents

[edit] Parameters

key - key value to compare the elements to
x - a value of any type that can be transparently compared with a key
hash - the hash value of the key

[edit] Return value

std::pair containing a pair of iterators defining the wanted range. If there are no such elements, past-the-end (see end()) iterators are returned as both elements of the pair.

[edit] Complexity

Average case linear in the number of elements with the key key, worst case linear in the size of the container.

[edit] Example

#include <iostream>
#include <unordered_map>
 
int main()
{  
    std::unordered_multimap<int,char> map = {{1,'a'},{1,'b'},{1,'d'},{2,'b'}};
    auto range = map.equal_range(1);
    for (auto it = range.first; it != range.second; ++it) {
        std::cout << it->first << ' ' << it->second << '\n';
    }
}

Output:

1 a
1 b
1 d

[edit] See also

finds element with specific key
(public member function) [edit]