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std::domain_error

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Defined in header <stdexcept>
class domain_error;

Defines a type of object to be thrown as exception. It may be used by the implementation to report domain errors, that is, situations where the inputs are outside of the domain on which an operation is defined.

The standard library components do not throw this exception (mathematical functions report domain errors as specified in math_errhandling). Third-party libraries, however, use this. For example, boost.math throws std::domain_error if boost::math::policies::throw_on_error is enabled (the default setting).

cpp/error/exceptioncpp/error/logic errorstd-domain error-inheritance.svg

Inheritance diagram

Contents

[edit] Member functions

(constructor)
constructs a new domain_error object with the given message
(public member function)
operator=
replaces the domain_error object
(public member function)

std::domain_error::domain_error

domain_error( const std::string& what_arg );
(1)
domain_error( const char* what_arg );
(2)
(3)
domain_error( const domain_error& other );
(until C++11)
domain_error( const domain_error& other ) noexcept;
(since C++11)
1) Constructs the exception object with what_arg as explanatory string. After construction, std::strcmp(what(), what_arg.c_str()) == 0.
2) Constructs the exception object with what_arg as explanatory string. After construction, std::strcmp(what(), what_arg) == 0.
3) Copy constructor. If *this and other both have dynamic type std::domain_error then std::strcmp(what(), other.what()) == 0. No exception can be thrown from the copy constructor. (until C++11)

Parameters

what_arg - explanatory string
other - another exception object to copy

Exceptions

1-2) May throw std::bad_alloc

Notes

Because copying std::domain_error is not permitted to throw exceptions, this message is typically stored internally as a separately-allocated reference-counted string. This is also why there is no constructor taking std::string&&: it would have to copy the content anyway.

Before the resolution of LWG issue 254, the non-copy constructor can only accept std::string. It makes dynamic allocation mandatory in order to construct a std::string object.

After the resolution of LWG issue 471, a derived standard exception class must have a publicly accessible copy constructor. It can be implicitly defined as long as the explanatory strings obtained by what() are the same for the original object and the copied object.

std::domain_error::operator=

domain_error& operator=( const domain_error& other );
(until C++11)
domain_error& operator=( const domain_error& other ) noexcept;
(since C++11)

Assigns the contents with those of other. If *this and other both have dynamic type std::domain_error then std::strcmp(what(), other.what()) == 0 after assignment. No exception can be thrown from the copy assignment operator. (until C++11)

Parameters

other - another exception object to assign with

Return value

*this

Notes

After the resolution of LWG issue 471, a derived standard exception class must have a publicly accessible copy assignment operator. It can be implicitly defined as long as the explanatory strings obtained by what() are the same for the original object and the copied object.

Inherited from std::logic_error

Inherited from std::exception

Member functions

[virtual]
destroys the exception object
(virtual public member function of std::exception) [edit]
[virtual]
returns an explanatory string
(virtual public member function of std::exception) [edit]

[edit] Defect reports

The following behavior-changing defect reports were applied retroactively to previously published C++ standards.

DR Applied to Behavior as published Correct behavior
LWG 254 C++98 the constructor accepting const char* was missing added
LWG 471 C++98 the explanatory strings of std::domain_error's
copies were implementation-defined
they are the same as that of the
original std::domain_error object