Namespaces
Variants
Views
Actions

std::length_error

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | error
 
 
Diagnostics library
Exception handling
Exception handling failures
(until C++17)
(until C++17)
(C++11)(until C++17)
(until C++17)
Error codes
Error codes
Exception categories
length_error
System error support
(C++11)
(C++11)
Assertions
Stacktrace
 
Defined in header <stdexcept>
class length_error;

Defines a type of object to be thrown as exception. It reports errors that result from attempts to exceed implementation defined length limits for some object.

This exception is thrown by member functions of std::basic_string and std::vector::reserve.

cpp/error/exceptioncpp/error/logic errorstd-length error-inheritance.svg

Inheritance diagram

Contents

[edit] Member functions

(constructor)
constructs a new length_error object with the given message
(public member function)
operator=
replaces the length_error object
(public member function)

std::length_error::length_error

length_error( const std::string& what_arg );
(1)
length_error( const char* what_arg );
(2)
(3)
length_error( const length_error& other );
(until C++11)
length_error( const length_error& other ) noexcept;
(since C++11)
1) Constructs the exception object with what_arg as explanatory string. After construction, std::strcmp(what(), what_arg.c_str()) == 0.
2) Constructs the exception object with what_arg as explanatory string. After construction, std::strcmp(what(), what_arg) == 0.
3) Copy constructor. If *this and other both have dynamic type std::length_error then std::strcmp(what(), other.what()) == 0. No exception can be thrown from the copy constructor. (until C++11)

Parameters

what_arg - explanatory string
other - another exception object to copy

Exceptions

1-2) May throw std::bad_alloc

Notes

Because copying std::length_error is not permitted to throw exceptions, this message is typically stored internally as a separately-allocated reference-counted string. This is also why there is no constructor taking std::string&&: it would have to copy the content anyway.

Before the resolution of LWG issue 254, the non-copy constructor can only accept std::string. It makes dynamic allocation mandatory in order to construct a std::string object.

After the resolution of LWG issue 471, a derived standard exception class must have a publicly accessible copy constructor. It can be implicitly defined as long as the explanatory strings obtained by what() are the same for the original object and the copied object.

std::length_error::operator=

length_error& operator=( const length_error& other );
(until C++11)
length_error& operator=( const length_error& other ) noexcept;
(since C++11)

Assigns the contents with those of other. If *this and other both have dynamic type std::length_error then std::strcmp(what(), other.what()) == 0 after assignment. No exception can be thrown from the copy assignment operator. (until C++11)

Parameters

other - another exception object to assign with

Return value

*this

Notes

After the resolution of LWG issue 471, a derived standard exception class must have a publicly accessible copy assignment operator. It can be implicitly defined as long as the explanatory strings obtained by what() are the same for the original object and the copied object.

Inherited from std::logic_error

Inherited from std::exception

Member functions

[virtual]
destroys the exception object
(virtual public member function of std::exception) [edit]
[virtual]
returns an explanatory string
(virtual public member function of std::exception) [edit]

[edit] Defect reports

The following behavior-changing defect reports were applied retroactively to previously published C++ standards.

DR Applied to Behavior as published Correct behavior
LWG 254 C++98 the constructor accepting const char* was missing added
LWG 471 C++98 the explanatory strings of std::length_error's
copies were implementation-defined
they are the same as that of the
original std::length_error object

[edit] See also

changes the number of characters stored
(public member function of std::basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>) [edit]