Namespaces
Variants
Views
Actions

std::out_of_range

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | error
 
 
Utilities library
General utilities
Date and time
Function objects
Formatting library (C++20)
(C++11)
Relational operators (deprecated in C++20)
Integer comparison functions
(C++20)
Swap and type operations
(C++14)
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++17)
Common vocabulary types
(C++11)
(C++17)
(C++17)
(C++17)
(C++17)

Elementary string conversions
(C++17)
(C++17)
 
Error handling
Exception handling
Exception handling failures
(until C++17)
(until C++17)
(C++11)(until C++17)
(until C++17)
Error codes
Error codes
Exception categories
out_of_range
Assertions
system_error facility
(C++11)
(C++11)
 
Defined in header <stdexcept>
class out_of_range;

Defines a type of object to be thrown as exception. It reports errors that are consequence of attempt to access elements out of defined range.

It may be thrown by the member functions of std::bitset and std::basic_string, by std::stoi and std::stod families of functions, and by the bounds-checked member access functions (e.g. std::vector::at and std::map::at).

cpp/error/exceptioncpp/error/logic errorstd-out of range-inheritance.svg
About this image

Inheritance diagram

Contents

[edit] Member functions

(constructor)
constructs a new out_of_range object with the given message
(public member function)
operator=
replaces the out_of_range object
(public member function)
what
returns the explanatory string
(public member function)

std::out_of_range::out_of_range

out_of_range( const std::string& what_arg );
(1)
out_of_range( const char* what_arg );
(2) (since C++11)
(3)
out_of_range( const out_of_range& other );
(until C++11)
out_of_range( const out_of_range& other ) noexcept;
(since C++11)
1-2) Constructs the exception object with what_arg as explanatory string that can be accessed through what().
3) Copy constructor. If *this and other both have dynamic type std::out_of_range then std::strcmp(what(), other.what()) == 0. (since C++11)

Parameters

what_arg - explanatory string
other - another exception object to copy

Exceptions

1-2) May throw std::bad_alloc

Notes

Because copying std::out_of_range is not permitted to throw exceptions, this message is typically stored internally as a separately-allocated reference-counted string. This is also why there is no constructor taking std::string&&: it would have to copy the content anyway.

std::out_of_range::operator=

out_of_range& operator=( const out_of_range& other );
(until C++11)
out_of_range& operator=( const out_of_range& other ) noexcept;
(since C++11)

Assigns the contents with those of other. If *this and other both have dynamic type std::out_of_range then std::strcmp(what(), other.what()) == 0 after assignment. (since C++11)

Parameters

other - another exception object to assign with

Return value

*this

std::out_of_range::what

virtual const char* what() const throw();
(until C++11)
virtual const char* what() const noexcept;
(since C++11)

Returns the explanatory string.

Parameters

(none)

Return value

Pointer to a null-terminated string with explanatory information. The string is suitable for conversion and display as a std::wstring. The pointer is guaranteed to be valid at least until the exception object from which it is obtained is destroyed, or until a non-const member function (e.g. copy assignment operator) on the exception object is called.

Notes

Implementations are allowed but not required to override what().

Inherited from std::logic_error

Inherited from std::exception

Member functions

[virtual]
destroys the exception object
(virtual public member function of std::exception) [edit]
[virtual]
returns an explanatory string
(virtual public member function of std::exception) [edit]

[edit] Notes

The standard error condition std::errc::result_out_of_range typically indicates the condition where the result, rather than the input, is out of range, and is more closely related to std::range_error and ERANGE.

[edit] See also

accesses the specified character with bounds checking
(public member function of std::basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>) [edit]