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std::filesystem::space

From cppreference.com
 
 
 
Defined in header <filesystem>
std::filesystem::space_info space(const std::filesystem::path& p);

std::filesystem::space_info space(const std::filesystem::path& p,

                                  std::error_code& ec) noexcept;
(since C++17)

Determines the information about the filesystem on which the pathname p is located, as if by POSIX statvfs.

Populates and returns an object of type filesystem::space_info, set from the members of the POSIX struct statvfs as follows

The non-throwing overload sets all members to static_cast<std::uintmax_t>(-1) on error.

Contents

[edit] Parameters

p - path to examine
ec - out-parameter for error reporting in the non-throwing overload.

[edit] Return value

The filesystem information (a filesystem::space_info object).

[edit] Exceptions

The overload that does not take a std::error_code& parameter throws filesystem::filesystem_error on underlying OS API errors, constructed with p as the first path argument and the OS error code as the error code argument. The overload taking a std::error_code& parameter sets it to the OS API error code if an OS API call fails, and executes ec.clear() if no errors occur. Any overload not marked noexcept may throw std::bad_alloc if memory allocation fails.

[edit] Notes

space_info.available may be less than space_info.free.

[edit] Example

#include <iostream>
#include <filesystem>
#include <cstdint>
 
void print_space_info(auto const& dirs, int width = 14)
{
    std::cout << std::left;
    for (const auto s : {"Capacity", "Free", "Available", "Dir"})
        std::cout << "│ " << std::setw(width) << s << ' ';
    std::cout << '\n';
    std::error_code ec;
    for (auto const& dir : dirs) {
        const std::filesystem::space_info si = std::filesystem::space(dir, ec);
        std::cout
            << "│ " << std::setw(width) << static_cast<std::intmax_t>(si.capacity) << ' '
            << "│ " << std::setw(width) << static_cast<std::intmax_t>(si.free) << ' '
            << "│ " << std::setw(width) << static_cast<std::intmax_t>(si.available) << ' '
            << "│ " << dir << '\n';
    }
}
 
int main()
{
    const auto dirs = { "/dev/null", "/tmp", "/home", "/null" };
    print_space_info(dirs);
}

Possible output:

│ Capacity       │ Free           │ Available      │ Dir
│ 8342851584     │ 8342851584     │ 8342851584     │ /dev/null
│ 12884901888    │ 3045265408     │ 3045265408     │ /tmp
│ 250321567744   │ 37623181312    │ 25152159744    │ /home
│ -1             │ -1             │ -1             │ /null

[edit] See also

information about free and available space on the filesystem
(class) [edit]