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Standard library header <list>

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< cpp‎ | header
 
 
Standard library headers
Language support
Concepts
<concepts> (C++20)
Diagnostics
<system_error> (C++11)

Memory management
<memory_resource> (C++17)  
Metaprogramming
<type_traits> (C++11)
<ratio> (C++11)
General utilities
<utility>
<tuple> (C++11)
<optional> (C++17)
<variant> (C++17)
<any> (C++17)
<debugging> (C++26)
<expected> (C++23)
<bitset>
<charconv> (C++17)
<format> (C++20)
<bit> (C++20)

Strings
<cuchar> (C++11)

Containers
<array> (C++11)
<deque>
<forward_list> (C++11)
<list>
<flat_set> (C++23)
<span> (C++20)
<mdspan> (C++23)

Iterators
<iterator>
Ranges
<ranges> (C++20)
<generator> (C++23)
Algorithms
Numerics
<cfenv> (C++11)
<complex>
<cmath>
<linalg> (C++26)
<numbers> (C++20)

Time
<chrono> (C++11)
Localization
<codecvt> (C++11/17/26*)
<text_encoding> (C++26)
Input/output
<filesystem> (C++17)
<cstdio>
<cinttypes> (C++11)
<strstream> (C++98/26*)
Regular expressions
<regex> (C++11)
Concurrency support
<stop_token> (C++20)
<thread> (C++11)
<atomic> (C++11)
<rcu> (C++26)
<stdatomic.h> (C++23)
<mutex> (C++11)
<shared_mutex> (C++14)

<condition_variable> (C++11)  
<semaphore> (C++20)
<latch> (C++20)

<barrier> (C++20)
<future> (C++11)
<hazard_pointer> (C++26)

C compatibility
<cstdbool> (C++11/17/20*)  
<ccomplex> (C++11/17/20*)
<ctgmath> (C++11/17/20*)

<cstdalign> (C++11/17/20*)

<ciso646> (until C++20)

 

This header is part of the containers library.

Contents

Includes

(C++20)
Three-way comparison operator support[edit]
std::initializer_list class template[edit]

Classes

doubly-linked list
(class template) [edit]

Functions

(removed in C++20)(removed in C++20)(removed in C++20)(removed in C++20)(removed in C++20)(C++20)
lexicographically compares the values of two lists
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
erases all elements satisfying specific criteria
(function template) [edit]
Range access
(C++11)(C++14)
returns an iterator to the beginning of a container or array
(function template) [edit]
(C++11)(C++14)
returns an iterator to the end of a container or array
(function template) [edit]
returns a reverse iterator to the beginning of a container or array
(function template) [edit]
(C++14)
returns a reverse end iterator for a container or array
(function template) [edit]
(C++17)(C++20)
returns the size of a container or array
(function template) [edit]
(C++17)
checks whether the container is empty
(function template) [edit]
(C++17)
obtains the pointer to the underlying array
(function template) [edit]

[edit] Synopsis

#include <compare>
#include <initializer_list>
 
namespace std {
  // class template list
  template<class T, class Allocator = allocator<T>> class list;
 
  template<class T, class Allocator>
    bool operator==(const list<T, Allocator>& x, const list<T, Allocator>& y);
  template<class T, class Allocator>
    __synth_three_way_result<T> operator<=>(const list<T, Allocator>& x,
                                          const list<T, Allocator>& y);
 
  template<class T, class Allocator>
    void swap(list<T, Allocator>& x, list<T, Allocator>& y)
      noexcept(noexcept(x.swap(y)));
 
  // erasure
  template<class T, class Allocator, class U = T>
    typename list<T, Allocator>::size_type
      erase(list<T, Allocator>& c, const U& value);
  template<class T, class Allocator, class Predicate>
    typename list<T, Allocator>::size_type
      erase_if(list<T, Allocator>& c, Predicate pred);
 
  namespace pmr {
    template<class T>
      using list = std::list<T, polymorphic_allocator<T>>;
  }
}

[edit] Class template std::list

namespace std {
  template<class T, class Allocator = allocator<T>>
  class list {
  public:
    // types
    using value_type             = T;
    using allocator_type         = Allocator;
    using pointer                = typename allocator_traits<Allocator>::pointer;
    using const_pointer          = typename allocator_traits<Allocator>::const_pointer;
    using reference              = value_type&;
    using const_reference        = const value_type&;
    using size_type              = /* implementation-defined */;
    using difference_type        = /* implementation-defined */;
    using iterator               = /* implementation-defined */;
    using const_iterator         = /* implementation-defined */;
    using reverse_iterator       = std::reverse_iterator<iterator>;
    using const_reverse_iterator = std::reverse_iterator<const_iterator>;
 
    // construct/copy/destroy
    list() : list(Allocator()) { }
    explicit list(const Allocator&);
    explicit list(size_type n, const Allocator& = Allocator());
    list(size_type n, const T& value, const Allocator& = Allocator());
    template<class InputIt>
      list(InputIt first, InputIt last, const Allocator& = Allocator());
    template<container-compatible-range<T> R>
      list(from_range_t, R&& rg, const Allocator& = Allocator());
    list(const list& x);
    list(list&& x);
    list(const list&, const type_identity_t<Allocator>&);
    list(list&&, const type_identity_t<Allocator>&);
    list(initializer_list<T>, const Allocator& = Allocator());
    ~list();
    list& operator=(const list& x);
    list& operator=(list&& x)
      noexcept(allocator_traits<Allocator>::is_always_equal::value);
    list& operator=(initializer_list<T>);
    template<class InputIt>
      void assign(InputIt first, InputIt last);
    template<container-compatible-range<T> R>
      void assign_range(R&& rg);
    void assign(size_type n, const T& t);
    void assign(initializer_list<T>);
    allocator_type get_allocator() const noexcept;
 
    // iterators
    iterator               begin() noexcept;
    const_iterator         begin() const noexcept;
    iterator               end() noexcept;
    const_iterator         end() const noexcept;
    reverse_iterator       rbegin() noexcept;
    const_reverse_iterator rbegin() const noexcept;
    reverse_iterator       rend() noexcept;
    const_reverse_iterator rend() const noexcept;
 
    const_iterator         cbegin() const noexcept;
    const_iterator         cend() const noexcept;
    const_reverse_iterator crbegin() const noexcept;
    const_reverse_iterator crend() const noexcept;
 
    // capacity
    [[nodiscard]] bool empty() const noexcept;
    size_type size() const noexcept;
    size_type max_size() const noexcept;
    void      resize(size_type sz);
    void      resize(size_type sz, const T& c);
 
    // element access
    reference       front();
    const_reference front() const;
    reference       back();
    const_reference back() const;
 
    // modifiers
    template<class... Args> reference emplace_front(Args&&... args);
    template<class... Args> reference emplace_back(Args&&... args);
    void push_front(const T& x);
    void push_front(T&& x);
    template<container-compatible-range<T> R>
      void prepend_range(R&& rg);
    void pop_front();
    void push_back(const T& x);
    void push_back(T&& x);
    template<container-compatible-range<T> R>
      void append_range(R&& rg);
    void pop_back();
 
    template<class... Args> iterator emplace(const_iterator position, Args&&... args);
    iterator insert(const_iterator position, const T& x);
    iterator insert(const_iterator position, T&& x);
    iterator insert(const_iterator position, size_type n, const T& x);
    template<class InputIt>
      iterator insert(const_iterator position, InputIt first, InputIt last);
    template<container-compatible-range<T> R>
      iterator insert_range(const_iterator position, R&& rg);
    iterator insert(const_iterator position, initializer_list<T> il);
 
    iterator erase(const_iterator position);
    iterator erase(const_iterator position, const_iterator last);
    void     swap(list&) noexcept(allocator_traits<Allocator>::is_always_equal::value);
    void     clear() noexcept;
 
    // list operations
    void splice(const_iterator position, list& x);
    void splice(const_iterator position, list&& x);
    void splice(const_iterator position, list& x, const_iterator i);
    void splice(const_iterator position, list&& x, const_iterator i);
    void splice(const_iterator position, list& x,
                const_iterator first, const_iterator last);
    void splice(const_iterator position, list&& x,
                const_iterator first, const_iterator last);
 
    size_type remove(const T& value);
    template<class Predicate> size_type remove_if(Predicate pred);
 
    size_type unique();
    template<class BinaryPredicate>
      size_type unique(BinaryPredicate binary_pred);
 
    void merge(list& x);
    void merge(list&& x);
    template<class Compare> void merge(list& x, Compare comp);
    template<class Compare> void merge(list&& x, Compare comp);
 
    void sort();
    template<class Compare> void sort(Compare comp);
 
    void reverse() noexcept;
  };
 
  template<class InputIt, class Allocator = allocator<__iter_value_type<InputIt>>>
    list(InputIt, InputIt, Allocator = Allocator())
      -> list<__iter_value_type<InputIt>, Allocator>;
 
  template<ranges::input_range R, class Allocator = allocator<ranges::range_value_t<R>>>
    list(from_range_t, R&&, Allocator = Allocator())
      -> list<ranges::range_value_t<R>, Allocator>;
}