< cpp‎ | io‎ | basic stringbuf
virtual int_type pbackfail( int_type c = Traits::eof() )

This protected virtual function is called by the public functions basic_streambuf::sungetc and basic_streambuf::sputbackc (which, in turn, are called by basic_istream::unget and basic_istream::putback).

1) The caller is requesting that the get area is backed up by one character (pbackfail() is called with no arguments or with Traits::eof() as the argument)
a) First, checks if there is a putback position, and if there really isn't, fails. (stringbuf has no external character source to re-read)
b) If the caller was wrong and the putback position is in fact available, simply decrements basic_streambuf::gptr(), e.g. by calling gbump(-1).
2) The caller attempts to putback a different character from the one retrieved earlier (pbackfail() is called with the character that needs to be put back), in which case
a) First, checks if there is a putback position, and if there isn't, fails.
b) Then checks what character is in the putback position. If the character held there is already equal to c, as determined by Traits::eq(to_char_type(c), gptr()[-1]), then simply decrements basic_streambuf::gptr().
c) Otherwise, if the buffer is open for reading only, fails.
d) Otherwise, if the buffer is open for writing (mode && std::ios_base::out is nonzero), then decrements basic_streambuf::gptr() and writes c to the location pointed to gptr() after adjustment.


[edit] Parameters

c - the character to put back, or Traits::eof() to indicate that backing up of the get area is requested

[edit] Return value

c on success except if c was Traits::eof(), in which case Traits::not_eof(c) is returned.

Traits::eof() on failure.

[edit] Example

[edit] See also

puts a character back into the input sequence, possibly modifying the input sequence
(virtual protected member function of std::basic_streambuf<CharT,Traits>) [edit]
moves the next pointer in the input sequence back by one
(public member function of std::basic_streambuf<CharT,Traits>) [edit]
puts one character back in the input sequence
(public member function of std::basic_streambuf<CharT,Traits>) [edit]
unextracts a character
(public member function of std::basic_istream<CharT,Traits>) [edit]
puts a character into input stream
(public member function of std::basic_istream<CharT,Traits>) [edit]