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std::basic_syncbuf

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | io
Defined in header <syncstream>
template<

    class CharT,
    class Traits = std::char_traits<CharT>,
    class Allocator = std::allocator<CharT>

> class basic_syncbuf : public std::basic_streambuf<CharT, Traits>
(since C++20)

std::basic_syncbuf is a wrapper for a std::basic_streambuf (provided at construction time as a pointer). It accumulates output in its own internal buffer, and atomically transmits its entire contents to the wrapped buffer on destruction and when explicitly requested, so that they appear as a contiguous sequence of characters. It guarantees that there are no data races and no interleaving of characters sent to the wrapped buffer as long as all other outputs made to the same buffer are made through, possibly different, instances of std::basic_syncbuf.

Typical implementation of std::basic_syncbuf holds a pointer to the wrapped std::basic_streambuf, a boolean flag indicating whether the buffer will transmit its contents to the wrapped buffer on sync (flush), a boolean flag indicating a pending flush when the policy is to not emit on sync, an internal buffer that uses Allocator (such as std::string), and a pointer to a mutex used to synchronize emit between multiple threads accessing the same wrapped stream buffer (these mutexes may be in a hash map with pointers to basic_streambuf objects used as keys).

Like other streambuf classes, std::basic_syncbuf is normally only accessed through the corresponding stream, std::osyncstream, not directly.

Two specializations for common character types are also defined:

Defined in header <syncstream>
Type Definition
syncbuf basic_syncbuf<char>
wsyncbuf basic_syncbuf<wchar_t>

Contents

[edit] Member types

Member type Definition
char_type CharT[edit]
traits_type Traits; the program is ill-formed if Traits::char_type is not CharT. [edit]
int_type Traits::int_type[edit]
pos_type Traits::pos_type[edit]
off_type Traits::off_type[edit]
allocator_type Allocator
streambuf_type std::basic_streambuf<CharT, Traits>

[edit] Member functions

Public member functions

constructs a basic_syncbuf object
(public member function) [edit]
assigns a basic_syncbuf object
(public member function) [edit]
swaps two basic_syncbuf objects
(public member function) [edit]
destroys the basic_syncbuf and emits its internal buffer
(public member function) [edit]
atomically transmits the entire internal buffer to the wrapped streambuf
(public member function) [edit]
retrieves the wrapped streambuf pointer
(public member function) [edit]
retrieves the allocator used by this basic_syncbuf
(public member function) [edit]
changes the current emit-on-sync policy
(public member function) [edit]

Protected member functions

either emits, or records a pending flush, depending on the current emit-on-sync policy
(public member function) [edit]

[edit] Non-member functions

specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]

Inherited from std::basic_streambuf

Member types

Member type Definition
char_type CharT[edit]
traits_type Traits; the program is ill-formed if Traits::char_type is not CharT. [edit]
int_type Traits::int_type[edit]
pos_type Traits::pos_type[edit]
off_type Traits::off_type[edit]

Member functions

[virtual]
destructs the basic_streambuf object
(virtual public member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
Locales
invokes imbue()
(public member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
obtains a copy of the associated locale
(public member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
Positioning
invokes setbuf()
(public member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
invokes seekoff()
(public member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
invokes seekpos()
(public member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
invokes sync()
(public member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
Get area
obtains the number of characters immediately available in the get area
(public member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
advances the input sequence, then reads one character without advancing again
(public member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
reads one character from the input sequence and advances the sequence
(public member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
stossc
(deprecated) (until C++17)
advances the input sequence as if by calling sbumpc() and discarding the result
(public member function) [edit]
reads one character from the input sequence without advancing the sequence
(public member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
invokes xsgetn()
(public member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
Put area
writes one character to the put area and advances the next pointer
(public member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
invokes xsputn()
(public member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
Putback
puts one character back in the input sequence
(public member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
moves the next pointer in the input sequence back by one
(public member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]

Protected member functions

constructs a basic_streambuf object
(protected member function) [edit]
(C++11)
replaces a basic_streambuf object
(protected member function) [edit]
(C++11)
swaps two basic_streambuf objects
(protected member function) [edit]
Locales
[virtual]
changes the associated locale
(virtual protected member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
Positioning
[virtual]
replaces the buffer with user-defined array, if permitted
(virtual protected member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
[virtual]
repositions the next pointer in the input sequence, output sequence, or both, using relative addressing
(virtual protected member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
[virtual]
repositions the next pointer in the input sequence, output sequence, or both using absolute addressing
(virtual protected member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
[virtual]
synchronizes the buffers with the associated character sequence
(virtual protected member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
Get area
[virtual]
obtains the number of characters available for input in the associated input sequence, if known
(virtual protected member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
[virtual]
reads characters from the associated input sequence to the get area
(virtual protected member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
[virtual]
reads characters from the associated input sequence to the get area and advances the next pointer
(virtual protected member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
[virtual]
reads multiple characters from the input sequence
(virtual protected member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
returns a pointer to the beginning, current character and the end of the get area
(protected member function) [edit]
advances the next pointer in the input sequence
(protected member function) [edit]
repositions the beginning, next, and end pointers of the input sequence
(protected member function) [edit]
Put area
[virtual]
writes multiple characters to the output sequence
(virtual protected member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
[virtual]
writes characters to the associated output sequence from the put area
(virtual protected member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]
returns a pointer to the beginning, current character and the end of the put area
(protected member function) [edit]
advances the next pointer of the output sequence
(protected member function) [edit]
repositions the beginning, next, and end pointers of the output sequence
(protected member function) [edit]
Putback
[virtual]
puts a character back into the input sequence, possibly modifying the input sequence
(virtual protected member function of std::basic_streambuf) [edit]