std::vwscanf, std::vfwscanf, std::vswscanf

< cpp‎ | io‎ | c

C++
 Compiler support Freestanding and hosted Language Standard library headers Named requirements Feature test macros (C++20) Language support library Concepts library (C++20) Metaprogramming library (C++11) Diagnostics library General utilities library Strings library Containers library Iterators library Ranges library (C++20) Algorithms library Numerics library Localizations library Input/output library Filesystem library (C++17) Regular expressions library (C++11) Concurrency support library (C++11) Technical specifications Symbols index External libraries

Input/output library
 I/O manipulators C-style I/O Buffers basic_streambuf basic_filebuf basic_stringbuf basic_spanbuf(C++23) strstreambuf(deprecated in C++98) basic_syncbuf(C++20) Streams Abstractions ios_base basic_ios basic_istream basic_ostream basic_iostream File I/O basic_ifstream basic_ofstream basic_fstream String I/O basic_istringstream basic_ostringstream basic_stringstream Array I/O basic_ispanstream(C++23) basic_ospanstream(C++23) basic_spanstream(C++23) istrstream(deprecated in C++98) ostrstream(deprecated in C++98) strstream(deprecated in C++98) Synchronized Output basic_osyncstream(C++20) Types streamoff streamsize fpos Error category interface iostream_category(C++11) io_errc(C++11)

C-style I/O
Types and objects
Functions
File access
Direct input/output
Unformatted input/output
 fgetc fgets fputc fputs getchar gets(until C++14) putchar puts ungetc
Formatted input
 scanffscanfsscanf vscanfvfscanfvsscanf(C++11)(C++11)(C++11)
 wscanffwscanfswscanf vwscanfvfwscanfvswscanf(C++11)(C++11)(C++11)
Formatted output
 printffprintfsprintfsnprintf(C++11)
File positioning
Error handling
Operations on files

 Defined in header  int vwscanf( const wchar_t* format, va_list vlist ); (1) (since C++11) int vfwscanf( std::FILE* stream, const wchar_t* format, va_list vlist ); (2) (since C++11) int vswscanf( const wchar_t* buffer, const wchar_t* format, va_list vlist ); (3) (since C++11)

Reads data from the a variety of sources, interprets it according to format and stores the results into locations defined by vlist.

1) Reads the data from stdin
2) Reads the data from file stream stream
3) Reads the data from null-terminated wide string buffer

Contents

Parameters

 stream - input file stream to read from buffer - pointer to a null-terminated wide string to read from format - pointer to a null-terminated wide string specifying how to read the input vlist - variable argument list containing the receiving arguments.

The format string consists of

• non-whitespace wide characters except %: each such character in the format string consumes exactly one identical character from the input stream, or causes the function to fail if the next character on the stream does not compare equal.
• whitespace characters: any single whitespace character in the format string consumes all available consecutive whitespace characters from the input (determined as if by calling iswspace in a loop). Note that there is no difference between "\n", " ", "\t\t", or other whitespace in the format string.
• conversion specifications. Each conversion specification has the following format:
• introductory % character
• (optional) assignment-suppressing character *. If this option is present, the function does not assign the result of the conversion to any receiving argument.
• (optional) integer number (greater than zero) that specifies maximum field width, that is, the maximum number of characters that the function is allowed to consume when doing the conversion specified by the current conversion specification. Note that %s and %[ may lead to buffer overflow if the width is not provided.
• (optional) length modifier that specifies the size of the receiving argument, that is, the actual destination type. This affects the conversion accuracy and overflow rules. The default destination type is different for each conversion type (see table below).
• conversion format specifier

The following format specifiers are available:

Conversion
specifier
Explanation Argument type
Length modifier →
hh

(C++11)

h (none) l ll

(C++11)

j

(C++11)

z

(C++11)

t

(C++11)

L
% matches literal % N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
c
matches a character or a sequence of characters

If a width specifier is used, matches exactly width wide characters (the argument must be a pointer to an array with sufficient room). Unlike %s and %[, does not append the null character to the array.

N/A N/A
char*
wchar_t*
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
s
matches a sequence of non-whitespace characters (a string)

If width specifier is used, matches up to width or until the first whitespace character, whichever appears first. Always stores a null character in addition to the characters matched (so the argument array must have room for at least width+1 characters)

[set]
matches a non-empty sequence of character from set of characters.

If the first character of the set is ^, then all characters not in the set are matched. If the set begins with ] or ^] then the ] character is also included into the set. It is implementation-defined whether the character - in the non-initial position in the scanset may be indicating a range, as in [0-9]. If width specifier is used, matches only up to width. Always stores a null character in addition to the characters matched (so the argument array must have room for at least width+1 characters)

d
matches a decimal integer.

The format of the number is the same as expected by wcstol() with the value 10 for the base argument

signed char* or unsigned char*
signed short* or unsigned short*
signed int* or unsigned int*
signed long* or unsigned long*
signed long long* or unsigned long long*
intmax_t* or uintmax_t*
size_t*
ptrdiff_t*
N/A
i
matches an integer.

The format of the number is the same as expected by wcstol() with the value 0 for the base argument (base is determined by the first characters parsed)

u
matches an unsigned decimal integer.

The format of the number is the same as expected by wcstoul() with the value 10 for the base argument.

o
matches an unsigned octal integer.

The format of the number is the same as expected by wcstoul() with the value 8 for the base argument

x, X

The format of the number is the same as expected by wcstoul() with the value 16 for the base argument

n
returns the number of characters read so far.

No input is consumed. Does not increment the assignment count. If the specifier has assignment-suppressing operator defined, the behavior is undefined

a, A(C++11)
e, E
f, F
g, G
matches a floating-point number.

The format of the number is the same as expected by wcstof()

N/A N/A
float*
double*
N/A N/A N/A N/A
long double*
p
matches implementation defined character sequence defining a pointer.

printf family of functions should produce the same sequence using %p format specifier

N/A N/A
void**
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

For every conversion specifier other than n, the longest sequence of input characters which does not exceed any speciﬁed ﬁeld width and which either is exactly what the conversion specifier expects or is a prefix of a sequence it would expect, is what's consumed from the stream. The ﬁrst character, if any, after this consumed sequence remains unread. If the consumed sequence has length zero or if the consumed sequence cannot be converted as specified above, the matching failure occurs unless end-of-ﬁle, an encoding error, or a read error prevented input from the stream, in which case it is an input failure.

All conversion specifiers other than [, c, and n consume and discard all leading whitespace characters (determined as if by calling iswspace) before attempting to parse the input. These consumed characters do not count towards the specified maximum field width.

If the length specifier l is not used, the conversion specifiers c, s, and [ perform wide-to-multibyte character conversion as if by calling wcrtomb() with an mbstate_t object initialized to zero before the first character is converted.

The conversion specifiers s and [ always store the null terminator in addition to the matched characters. The size of the destination array must be at least one greater than the specified field width. The use of %s or %[, without specifying the destination array size, is as unsafe as std::gets

The correct conversion specifications for the fixed-width integer types (int8_t, etc) are defined in the header <cinttypes> (although SCNdMAX, SCNuMAX, etc is synonymous with %jd, %ju, etc).

There is a sequence point after the action of each conversion specifier; this permits storing multiple fields in the same "sink" variable.

When parsing an incomplete floating-point value that ends in the exponent with no digits, such as parsing "100er" with the conversion specifier %f, the sequence "100e" (the longest prefix of a possibly valid floating-point number) is consumed, resulting in a matching error (the consumed sequence cannot be converted to a floating-point number), with "r" remaining. Some existing implementations do not follow this rule and roll back to consume only "100", leaving "er", e.g. glibc bug 1765

Return value

Number of arguments successfully read, or EOF if failure occurs.