< cpp‎ | io‎ | strstreambuf
virtual streambuf* setbuf( char* s, std::streamsize n );
(deprecated in C++98)
(removed in C++26)

If s is a null pointer and n is zero, this function has no effect.

Otherwise, the effect is implementation-defined: some implementations do nothing, while some implementations deallocate the dynamic member array used as the buffer and begin using the user-supplied character array of size n, whose first element is pointed to by s.

This function is protected virtual, it may only be called through pubsetbuf() or from member functions of a user-defined class derived from std::strstreambuf.


[edit] Parameters

s - pointer to the first byte in the user-provided buffer
n - the number of bytes in the user-provided buffer

[edit] Return value


[edit] Example

Implementation test to check if setbuf() is supported on a dynamic strstream (output obtained with Sun Studio):

#include <iostream>
#include <strstream>
int main()
    char a[100] = {};
    std::strstream str;
    str.rdbuf()->pubsetbuf(a, sizeof a);
    str << "Test string" << std::ends;
    std::cout << "user-provided buffer holds \"" << a << "\"\n";

Possible output:

user-provided buffer holds "Test string"

[edit] Defect reports

The following behavior-changing defect reports were applied retroactively to previously published C++ standards.

DR Applied to Behavior as published Correct behavior
LWG 66 C++98 the effect of setbuf() was "performs an operation that is
defined separately for each class derived from strstreambuf",
but there are no classes derived from strstreambuf
the effect is

[edit] See also

invokes setbuf()
(public member function of std::basic_streambuf<CharT,Traits>) [edit]
replaces the buffer with user-defined array, if permitted
(virtual protected member function of std::basic_streambuf<CharT,Traits>) [edit]
attempts to replace the controlled character sequence with an array
(virtual protected member function of std::basic_stringbuf<CharT,Traits,Allocator>) [edit]
provides user-supplied buffer or turns this filebuf unbuffered
(virtual protected member function of std::basic_filebuf<CharT,Traits>) [edit]