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std::contiguous_iterator

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< cpp‎ | iterator
 
 
Iterator library
Iterator concepts
contiguous_iterator
(C++20)

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(C++17)
(C++17)
 
Defined in header <iterator>
template<class I>

  concept contiguous_iterator =
    std::random_access_iterator<I> &&
    std::derived_from</*ITER_CONCEPT*/<I>, std::contiguous_iterator_tag> &&
    std::is_lvalue_reference_v<std::iter_reference_t<I>> &&
    std::same_as<
      std::iter_value_t<I>, std::remove_cvref_t<std::iter_reference_t<I>>
    > &&
    requires(const I& i) {
      { std::to_address(i) } ->
        std::same_as<std::add_pointer_t<std::iter_reference_t<I>>>;

    };
(since C++20)

The contiguous_iterator concept refines random_access_iterator by providing a guarantee the denoted elements are stored contiguously in the memory.

Contents

[edit] Iterator concept determination

Definition of this concept is specified via an exposition-only alias template /*ITER_CONCEPT*/.

In order to determinate /*ITER_CONCEPT*/<I>, let ITER_TRAITS<I> denote I if the specialization std::iterator_traits<I> is generated from the primary template, or std::iterator_traits<I> otherwise:

  • If ITER_TRAITS<I>::iterator_concept is valid and names a type, /*ITER_CONCEPT*/<I> denotes the type.
  • Otherwise, if ITER_TRAITS<I>::iterator_category is valid and names a type, /*ITER_CONCEPT*/<I> denotes the type.
  • Otherwise, if std::iterator_traits<I> is generated from the primary template, /*ITER_CONCEPT*/<I> denotes std::random_access_iterator_tag.
  • Otherwise, /*ITER_CONCEPT*/<I> does not denote a type and results in a substitution failure.

[edit] Semantic requirements

Let a and b be dereferenceable iterators and c be a non-dereferenceable iterator of type I such that b is reachable from a and c is reachable from b. The type I models contiguous_iterator only if all the concepts it subsumes are modeled and:

[edit] Equality preservation

An expression is equality preserving if it results in equal outputs given equal inputs.

  • The inputs to an expression consist of its operands.
  • The outputs of an expression consist of its result and all operands modified by the expression (if any).

In specification of standard concepts, operands are defined as the largest subexpressions that include only:

The cv-qualification and value category of each operand is determined by assuming that each template type parameter denotes a cv-unqualified complete non-array object type.

Every expression required to be equality preserving is further required to be stable: two evaluations of such an expression with the same input objects must have equal outputs absent any explicit intervening modification of those input objects.

Unless noted otherwise, every expression used in a requires-expression is required to be equality preserving and stable, and the evaluation of the expression may only modify its non-constant operands. Operands that are constant must not be modified.

[edit] Implicit expression variations

A requires-expression that uses an expression that is non-modifying for some constant lvalue operand also implicitly requires additional variations of that expression that accept a non-constant lvalue or (possibly constant) rvalue for the given operand unless such an expression variation is explicitly required with differing semantics. These implicit expression variations must meet the same semantic requirements of the declared expression. The extent to which an implementation validates the syntax of the variations is unspecified.

[edit] Notes

contiguous_iterator is modeled by every pointer type to complete object type.

Iterator types in the standard library that are required to satisfy the LegacyContiguousIterator requirements in C++17 are also required to model contiguous_iterator in C++20.

[edit] See also

specifies that a bidirectional_iterator is a random-access iterator, supporting advancement in constant time and subscripting
(concept) [edit]