Namespaces
Variants
Views
Actions

C++ attribute: fallthrough (since C++17)

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | language‎ | attributes
 
 
 
 
Attributes
(C++14)
fallthrough
(C++17)
(C++17)
(C++20)(C++20)
 

Indicates that the fall through from the previous case label is intentional and should not be diagnosed by a compiler that warns on fallthrough.

[edit] Syntax

[[fallthrough]]

[edit] Explanation

May only be applied to a null statement to create a fallthrough statement ([[fallthrough]];). A fallthrough statement may only be used in a switch statement, where the next statement to be executed is a statement with a case or default label for that switch statement. Indicates that the fall through from the previous case label is intentional and should not be diagnosed by a compiler that warns on fallthrough.

[edit] Example

void f(int n) {
  void g(), h(), i();
  switch (n) {
    case 1:
    case 2:
      g();
     [[fallthrough]];
    case 3: // no warning on fallthrough
      h();
    case 4: // compiler may warn on fallthrough
      if(n < 3) {
          i();
          [[fallthrough]]; // OK
      }
      else {
          return;
      }
    case 5:
      [[fallthrough]]; // ill-formed, no subsequent case or default label
  }
}