std::time_get<CharT,InputIt>::get_weekday, std::time_get<CharT,InputIt>::do_get_weekday

< cpp‎ | locale‎ | time get
Localizations library
Locales and facets
Facet category base classes
ctype facets
numeric facets
collate facets
time facets
monetary facets
messages facets
Character classification and conversion
Character classification
Code conversion facets
C locale
Text encoding identifications
Defined in header <locale>

iter_type get_weekday( iter_type beg, iter_type end, std::ios_base& str,

                       std::ios_base::iostate& err, std::tm* t ) const;

virtual iter_type do_get_weekday( iter_type beg, iter_type end, std::ios_base& str,

                                  std::ios_base::iostate& err, std::tm* t ) const;
1) Public member function, calls the protected virtual member function do_get_weekday of the most derived class.
2) Reads successive characters from the sequence [begend) and parses out the weekday name (possibly abbreviated), using the default format for weekdays expected by this locale, which is the same format as "%a" as used by the functions std::get_time, time_get::get, and the POSIX function strptime().

If it finds abbreviated name, followed by the characters that are valid for the full name, it continues reading until it consumes all the characters for the full name or finds a character that is not expected, in which case parsing fails even if the first few characters were a valid abbreviation.

The parsed weekday is stored in the std::tm field t->tm_wday.

If the end iterator is reached before a valid weekday name is read, the function sets std::ios_base::eofbit in err. If a parsing error is encountered, the function sets std::ios_base::failbit in err.


[edit] Parameters

beg - iterator designating the start of the sequence to parse
end - one past the end iterator for the sequence to parse
str - a stream object that this function uses to obtain locale facets when needed, e.g. std::ctype to skip whitespace or std::collate to compare strings
err - stream error flags object that is modified by this function to indicate errors
t - pointer to the std::tm object that will hold the result of this function call

[edit] Return value

Iterator pointing one past the last character in [begend) that was recognized as a part of a valid weekday name.

[edit] Notes

This function is usually case-insensitive.

If a parsing error is encountered, most implementations of this function leave *t unmodified.

[edit] Example

#include <initializer_list>
#include <iostream>
#include <iterator>
#include <locale>
#include <sstream>
#include <string_view>
void try_get_wday(std::string_view s)
    std::cout << "Parsing the weekday out of '" << s
              << "' in the locale " << std::locale().name() << '\n';
    std::istringstream str{};
    std::ios_base::iostate err{std::ios_base::goodbit};
    std::tm t;
    std::time_get<char> const& facet = std::use_facet<std::time_get<char>>(str.getloc());
    std::istreambuf_iterator<char> ret = facet.get_weekday({str}, {}, str, err, &t);
    std::istreambuf_iterator<char> last{};
    if (str)
        std::cout << "Successfully parsed, weekday number is " << t.tm_wday;
        if (ret != last)
            std::cout << " Remaining content: ";
            std::copy(ret, last, std::ostreambuf_iterator<char>(std::cout));
            std::cout << " the input was fully consumed";
        std::cout << "Parse failed. Unparsed string: ";
        std::copy(ret, last, std::ostreambuf_iterator<char>(std::cout));
    std::cout << '\n';
void demo(std::string_view locale_name, std::initializer_list<std::string_view>&& data)
    catch (std::runtime_error const& ex)
        std::cout << "Cannot setup locale: " << locale_name << "\n"
                     "Exception: " << ex.what() << '\n';
    for (std::string_view const weekday : data)
int main()
    demo("lt_LT.utf8", {"Št", "Šeštadienis"});
    demo("en_US.utf8", {"SATELLITE"});
    demo("ja_JP.utf8", {"土曜日"});

Possible output:

Parsing the weekday out of 'Št' in the locale lt_LT.utf8
Successfully parsed, weekday number is 6 the input was fully consumed
Parsing the weekday out of 'Šeštadienis' in the locale lt_LT.utf8
Successfully parsed, weekday number is 6 the input was fully consumed
Parsing the weekday out of 'SATELLITE' in the locale en_US.utf8
Successfully parsed, weekday number is 6 Remaining content: ELLITE
Parsing the weekday out of '土曜日' in the locale ja_JP.utf8
Successfully parsed, weekday number is 6 the input was fully consumed

[edit] Defect reports

The following behavior-changing defect reports were applied retroactively to previously published C++ standards.

DR Applied to Behavior as published Correct behavior
LWG 248 C++98 eofbit was not set upon reaching the end iterator sets eofbit if a valid weekday name has not been read

[edit] See also

parses a date/time value of specified format
(function template) [edit]