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std::construct_at

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | memory
 
 
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Defined in header <memory>
template<class T, class... Args>
constexpr T* construct_at( T* p, Args&&... args );
(since C++20)

Creates a T object initialized with arguments args... at given address p. Specialization of this function template participates in overload resolution only if ::new(std::declval<void*>()) T(std::declval<Args>()...) is well-formed in unevaluated context.

Equivalent to

return ::new (const_cast<void*>(static_cast<const volatile void*>(p)))
    T(std::forward<Args>(args)...);

except that construct_at may be used in evaluation of constant expressions.

When construct_at is called in the evaluation of some constant expression e, the argument p must point to either storage obtained by std::allocator<T>::allocate or an object whose lifetime began within the evaluation of e.

Contents

[edit] Parameters

p - pointer to the uninitialized storage on which a T object will be constructed
args... - arguments used for initialization

[edit] Return value

p

[edit] Example

#include <iostream>
#include <memory>
 
struct S {
    int x;
    float y;
    double z;
 
    S(int x, float y, double z) : x{x}, y{y}, z{z} { std::cout << "S::S();\n"; }
 
    ~S() { std::cout << "S::~S();\n"; }
 
    void print() const {
        std::cout << "S { x=" << x << "; y=" << y << "; z=" << z << "; };\n";
    }
};
 
int main()
{
    alignas(S) unsigned char storage[sizeof(S)];
 
    S* ptr = std::construct_at(reinterpret_cast<S*>(storage), 42, 2.71828f, 3.1415);
    ptr->print();
 
    std::destroy_at(ptr);
}

Output:

S::S();
S { x=42; y=2.71828; z=3.1415; };
S::~S();

[edit] See also

allocates uninitialized storage
(public member function of std::allocator<T>) [edit]
[static]
constructs an object in the allocated storage
(function template) [edit]
destroys an object at a given address
(function template) [edit]