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std::bad_alloc

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Defined in header <new>
class bad_alloc;

std::bad_alloc is the type of the object thrown as exceptions by the allocation functions to report failure to allocate storage.

cpp/error/exceptionstd-bad alloc-inheritance.svg
About this image

Inheritance diagram

Contents

[edit] Member functions

(constructor)
constructs a new bad_alloc object
(public member function)
operator=
replaces the bad_alloc object
(public member function)
what
returns the explanatory string
(public member function)

std::bad_alloc::bad_alloc

(1)
bad_alloc() throw();
(until C++11)
bad_alloc() noexcept;
(since C++11)
(2)
bad_alloc( const bad_alloc& other ) throw();
(until C++11)
bad_alloc( const bad_alloc& other ) noexcept;
(since C++11)

Constructs a new bad_alloc object with an implementation-defined null-terminated byte string which is accessible through what().

1) Default constructor.
2) Copy constructor. If *this and other both have dynamic type std::bad_alloc then std::strcmp(what(), other.what()) == 0. (since C++11)

Parameters

other - another exception object to copy

std::bad_alloc::operator=

bad_alloc& operator=( const bad_alloc& other ) throw();
(until C++11)
bad_alloc& operator=( const bad_alloc& other ) noexcept;
(since C++11)

Assigns the contents with those of other. If *this and other both have dynamic type std::bad_alloc then std::strcmp(what(), other.what()) == 0 after assignment. (since C++11)

Parameters

other - another exception object to assign with

Return value

*this

std::bad_alloc::what

virtual const char* what() const throw();
(until C++11)
virtual const char* what() const noexcept;
(since C++11)

Returns the explanatory string.

Parameters

(none)

Return value

Pointer to a null-terminated string with explanatory information. The string is suitable for conversion and display as a std::wstring. The pointer is guaranteed to be valid at least until the exception object from which it is obtained is destroyed, or until a non-const member function (e.g. copy assignment operator) on the exception object is called.

Notes

Implementations are allowed but not required to override what().

Inherited from std::exception

Member functions

[virtual]
destroys the exception object
(virtual public member function of std::exception) [edit]
[virtual]
returns an explanatory string
(virtual public member function of std::exception) [edit]

[edit] Example

#include <iostream>
#include <new>
 
int main()
{
    try {
        while (true) {
            new int[100000000ul];
        }
    } catch (const std::bad_alloc& e) {
        std::cout << "Allocation failed: " << e.what() << '\n';
    }
}

Possible output:

Allocation failed: std::bad_alloc

[edit] See also

allocation functions
(function) [edit]