std::ranges::uninitialized_move, std::ranges::uninitialized_move_result

< cpp‎ | memory
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(C++11)(until C++23)
Defined in header <memory>
Call signature
template< std::input_iterator I, std::sentinel_for<I> S1,

          no-throw-forward-iterator O, no-throw-sentinel-for<O> S2 >
requires std::constructible_from<std::iter_value_t<O>,
uninitialized_move_result<I, O>

uninitialized_move( I ifirst, S1 ilast, O ofirst, S2 olast );
(1) (since C++20)
template< ranges::input_range IR, no-throw-forward-range OR >

requires std::constructible_from<ranges::range_value_t<OR>,

uninitialized_move( IR&& in_range, OR&& out_range );
(2) (since C++20)
Helper types
template<class I, class O>
using uninitialized_move_result = ranges::in_out_result<I, O>;
(3) (since C++20)
1) Moves N elements from the input range [ifirst, ilast) to the output range [ofirst, olast) (that is an uninitialized memory area), where N is min(ranges::distance(ifirst, ilast), ranges::distance(ofirst, olast)).
The effect is equivalent to:
for (; ifirst != ilast && ofirst != olast; ++ofirst, ++ifirst)
    ::new (const_cast<void*>(static_cast<const volatile void*>(std::addressof(*first))))
If an exception is thrown during the initialization then the objects that already constructed in [ofirst, olast) are destroyed in an unspecified order. Also, the objects in [ifirst, ilast) that were already moved, are left in a valid but unspecified state.
2) Same as (1), but uses in_range as the first range and out_range as the second range, as if using ranges::begin(in_range) as ifirst, ranges::end(in_range) as ilast, ranges::begin(out_range) as ofirst, and ranges::end(out_range) as olast.

The function-like entities described on this page are niebloids, that is:

In practice, they may be implemented as function objects, or with special compiler extensions.


[edit] Parameters

ifirst, ilast - iterator-sentinel pair denoting the input range of elements to move from
in_range - the input range of elements to move from
ofirst, olast - iterator-sentinel pair denoting the output range to initialize
out_range - the output range to initialize

[edit] Return value

{ifirst + N, ofirst + N}.

[edit] Complexity

Linear in the N.

[edit] Exceptions

The exception thrown on construction of the elements in the destination range, if any.

[edit] Notes

An implementation may improve the efficiency of the ranges::uninitialized_move, e.g. by using ranges::copy_n, if the value type of the output range is TrivialType.

[edit] Possible implementation

struct uninitialized_move_fn {
    template <std::input_iterator I, std::sentinel_for<I> S1,
             no-throw-forward-iterator O, no-throw-sentinel-for<O> S2>
    requires std::constructible_from<std::iter_value_t<O>,
    ranges::uninitialized_move_result<I, O>
    operator()( I ifirst, S1 ilast, O ofirst, S2 olast ) const {
        O current {ofirst};
        try {
            for (; !(ifirst == ilast or current == olast); ++ifirst, ++current)
                ::new (const_cast<void*>(static_cast<const volatile void*>
                    (std::addressof(*current)))) std::remove_reference_t<
            return {std::move(ifirst), std::move(current)};
        } catch (...) { // rollback: destroy constructed elements
            for (; ofirst != current; ++ofirst)
    template <ranges::input_range IR, no-throw-forward-range OR>
    requires std::constructible_from<ranges::range_value_t<OR>,
    operator()( IR&& in_range, OR&& out_range ) const {
        return (*this)(ranges::begin(in_range), ranges::end(in_range),
                       ranges::begin(out_range), ranges::end(out_range));
inline constexpr uninitialized_move_fn uninitialized_move{};

[edit] Example

#include <cstdlib>
#include <iomanip>
#include <iostream>
#include <memory>
#include <string>
void print(auto rem, auto first, auto last) {
    for (std::cout << rem; first != last; ++first)
        std::cout << std::quoted(*first) << ' ';
    std::cout << '\n';
int main() {
    std::string in[] { "Home", "World" };
    print("initially, in: ", std::begin(in), std::end(in));
    if (
        constexpr auto sz = std::size(in);
        void* out = std::aligned_alloc(alignof(std::string), sizeof(std::string) * sz)
    ) {
        try {
            auto first {static_cast<std::string*>(out)};
            auto last {first + sz};
            std::ranges::uninitialized_move(std::begin(in), std::end(in), first, last);
            print("after move, in: ", std::begin(in), std::end(in));
            print("after move, out: ", first, last);
            std::ranges::destroy(first, last);
        catch (...) {
            std::cout << "Exception!\n";

Possible output:

initially, in: "Home" "World"
after move, in: "" ""
after move, out: "Home" "World"

[edit] See also

moves a number of objects to an uninitialized area of memory
(niebloid) [edit]
moves a range of objects to an uninitialized area of memory
(function template) [edit]