< cpp‎ | memory
Utilities library
Language support
Type support (basic types, RTTI)
Library feature-test macros (C++20)
Dynamic memory management
Program utilities
Coroutine support (C++20)
Variadic functions
Debugging support
Three-way comparison
General utilities
Date and time
Function objects
Formatting library (C++20)
Relational operators (deprecated in C++20)
Integer comparison functions
Swap and type operations
Common vocabulary types
Elementary string conversions

Dynamic memory management
Uninitialized memory algorithms

Constrained uninitialized memory algorithms
Garbage collection support
(C++11)(until C++23)
(C++11)(until C++23)
(C++11)(until C++23)
(C++11)(until C++23)
(C++11)(until C++23)
(C++11)(until C++23)

Defined in header <memory>
template< class ForwardIt, class Size >
ForwardIt uninitialized_default_construct_n( ForwardIt first, Size n );
(1) (since C++17)
template< class ExecutionPolicy, class ForwardIt, class Size >

ForwardIt uninitialized_default_construct_n( ExecutionPolicy&& policy,

                                             ForwardIt first, Size n );
(2) (since C++17)
1) Constructs n objects of type typename std::iterator_traits<ForwardIt>::value_type in the uninitialized storage starting at first by default-initialization, as if by for (; n > 0; (void) ++first, --n)
    ::new (static_cast<void*>(std::addressof(*first)))
        typename std::iterator_traits<ForwardIt>::value_type;
If an exception is thrown during the initialization, the objects already constructed are destroyed in an unspecified order.
2) Same as (1), but executed according to policy. This overload participates in overload resolution only if

std::is_execution_policy_v<std::decay_t<ExecutionPolicy>> is true.

(until C++20)

std::is_execution_policy_v<std::remove_cvref_t<ExecutionPolicy>> is true.

(since C++20)


[edit] Parameters

first - the beginning of the range of elements to initialize
n - the number of elements to construct
policy - the execution policy to use. See execution policy for details.
Type requirements
ForwardIt must meet the requirements of LegacyForwardIterator.
No increment, assignment, comparison, or indirection through valid instances of ForwardIt may throw exceptions.

[edit] Return value

The end of the range of objects (i.e., std::next(first, n)).

[edit] Complexity

Linear in n.

[edit] Exceptions

The overload with a template parameter named ExecutionPolicy reports errors as follows:

  • If execution of a function invoked as part of the algorithm throws an exception and ExecutionPolicy is one of the standard policies, std::terminate is called. For any other ExecutionPolicy, the behavior is implementation-defined.
  • If the algorithm fails to allocate memory, std::bad_alloc is thrown.

[edit] Possible implementation

template<class ForwardIt, class Size>
ForwardIt uninitialized_default_construct_n(ForwardIt first, Size n)
    using T = typename std::iterator_traits<ForwardIt>::value_type;
    ForwardIt current = first;
        for (; n > 0; (void) ++current, --n)
            ::new (const_cast<void*>(static_cast<const volatile void*>(
                std::addressof(*current)))) T;
        return current;
    catch (...)
        std::destroy(first, current);

[edit] Example

#include <cstring>
#include <iostream>
#include <memory>
#include <string>
struct S
    std::string m{"default value"};
int main()
    constexpr int n{3};
    alignas(alignof(S)) unsigned char mem[n * sizeof(S)];
        auto first{reinterpret_cast<S*>(mem)};
        auto last = std::uninitialized_default_construct_n(first, n);
        for (auto it{first}; it != last; ++it)
            std::cout << it->m << '\n';
        std::destroy(first, last);
        std::cout << "Exception!\n";
    // Notice that for "trivial types" the uninitialized_default_construct_n
    // generally does not zero-initialize the given uninitialized memory area.
    int v[]{1, 2, 3, 4};
    const int original[]{1, 2, 3, 4};
    std::uninitialized_default_construct_n(std::begin(v), std::size(v));
    // An attempt to access v might be an undefined behavior, pending CWG 1997:
    // for (const int i : v)
    //     std::cout << i << ' ';
    // The result is unspecified:
    std::cout << (std::memcmp(v, original, sizeof(v)) == 0 ? "un" : "") << "modified\n";

Possible output:

default value
default value
default value

[edit] Defect reports

The following behavior-changing defect reports were applied retroactively to previously published C++ standards.

DR Applied to Behavior as published Correct behavior
LWG 3870 C++20 this algorithm might create objects on a const storage kept disallowed

[edit] See also

constructs objects by default-initialization in an uninitialized area of memory, defined by a range
(function template) [edit]
constructs objects by value-initialization in an uninitialized area of memory, defined by a start and a count
(function template) [edit]
constructs objects by default-initialization in an uninitialized area of memory, defined by a start and count