C++ named requirements: RangeAdaptorObject (since C++20)
Range adaptor objects are customization point objects that accept
viewable_range as their first arguments and return a
view. Some range adaptor objects are unary, i.e. they take one
viewable_range as their only argument. Other range adaptor objects take a
viewable_range and other trailing arguments.
If a range adaptor object takes only one argument, it is also a RangeAdaptorClosureObject.
If a range adaptor object takes more than one argument, it also supports partial application: let
- a be such a range adaptor object, and
- args... be arguments (generally suitable for trailing arguments),
expression a(args...) has following properties:
- it is valid if and only if for every argument e in args... such that
Eis decltype((e)), std::is_constructible_v<std::decay_t<E>, E> is true,
- when the call is valid, its result object stores a subobject of type std::decay_t<E> direct-non-list-initialized with std::forward<E>(e), for every argument e in args... (in other words, range adaptor objects bind arguments by value),
- the result object is a RangeAdaptorClosureObject,
- calling the RangeAdaptorClosureObject forwards the bound arguments (if any) to the associated range adaptor object. The bound arguments (if any) are considered to have the value category and cv-qualification of the RangeAdaptorClosureObject. In other words, a(args...)(r) is equivalent to std::bind_back(a, args...)(r) (but the former also supports the pipe syntax). (since C++23)
Like other customization point objects, let
- a be an object of the cv-unqualified version of the type of any range adaptor objects,
- args... be any group of arguments that satisfies the constraints of the operator() of the type of a,
- std::move(a)(args...), and
are all equivalent.
The result object of each of these expressions is either a
view object or a RangeAdaptorClosureObject.
operator() is unsupported for volatile-qualified or const-volatile-qualified version of range adaptor object types. Arrays and functions are converted to pointers while binding.