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std::mul_sat

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | numeric
 
 
 
Defined in header <numeric>
template< class T >
constexpr T mul_sat( T x, T y ) noexcept;
(since C++26)

Computes the saturating multiplication x × y. This operation (unlike built-in arithmetic operations on integers) behaves as-if it is a mathematical operation with an infinite range. Let q denote the result of such operation. Returns:

  • q, if q is representable as a value of type T. Otherwise,
  • the largest or smallest value of type T, whichever is closer to the q.


This overload participates in overload resolution only if T is an integer type, that is: signed char, short, int, long, long long, an extended signed integer type, or an unsigned version of such types. In particular, T must not be (possibly cv-qualified) bool, char, wchar_t, char8_t, char16_t, and char32_t, as these types are not intended for arithmetic.

Contents

[edit] Parameters

x, y - integer values

[edit] Return value

Saturated x × y.

[edit] Exceptions

Throws no exceptions.

[edit] Notes

Unlike the built-in arithmetic operators on integers, the integral promotion does not apply to the x and y arguments.

If two arguments of different type are passed, the call fails to compile, i.e. the behavior relative to template argument deduction is the same as for std::min or std::max.

Most modern hardware architectures have efficient support for saturation arithmetic on SIMD vectors, including SSE2 for x86 and NEON for ARM.

Feature-test macro Value Std Feature
__cpp_lib_saturation_arithmetic 202311L (C++26) Saturation arithmetic

[edit] Possible implementation

See libstdc++ (gcc).

[edit] Example

Can be previewed on Compiler Explorer.

#include <climits>
#include <numeric>
 
static_assert
(""
    && (std::mul_sat<int>(2, 3) == 6) // not saturated
    && (std::mul_sat<int>(INT_MAX / 2, 3) == INT_MAX) // saturated
    && (std::mul_sat<int>(-2, 3) == -6) // not saturated
    && (std::mul_sat<int>(INT_MIN / -2, -3) == INT_MIN) // saturated
    && (std::mul_sat<unsigned>(2, 3) == 6) // not saturated
    && (std::mul_sat<unsigned>(UINT_MAX / 2, 3) == UINT_MAX) // saturated
);
 
int main() {}

[edit] See also

(C++26)
saturating addition operation on two integers
(function template) [edit]
(C++26)
saturating subtraction operation on two integers
(function template) [edit]
(C++26)
saturating division operation on two integers
(function template) [edit]
returns an integer value clamped to the range of a another integer type
(function template) [edit]
(C++17)
clamps a value between a pair of boundary values
(function template) [edit]
(C++20)
checks if an integer value is in the range of a given integer type
(function template) [edit]
[static]
returns the smallest finite value of the given type
(public static member function of std::numeric_limits<T>) [edit]
[static]
returns the largest finite value of the given type
(public static member function of std::numeric_limits<T>) [edit]

[edit] External links

1.  A branch-free implementation of saturation arithmetic — Locklessinc.com, 2012