std::comp_ellint_1, std::comp_ellint_1f, std::comp_ellint_1l

Defined in header <cmath>
double      comp_ellint_1 ( double k );

float       comp_ellint_1 ( float k );

long double comp_ellint_1 ( long double k );
(since C++17)
(until C++23)
/* floating-point-type */ comp_ellint_1( /* floating-point-type */ k );
(since C++23)
float       comp_ellint_1f( float k );
(2) (since C++17)
long double comp_ellint_1l( long double k );
(3) (since C++17)
Defined in header <cmath>
template< class Integer >
double      comp_ellint_1 ( Integer k );
(A) (since C++17)
1-3) Computes the complete elliptic integral of the first kind of k. The library provides overloads of std::comp_ellint_1 for all cv-unqualified floating-point types as the type of the parameter k.(since C++23)
A) Additional overloads are provided for all integer types, which are treated as double.


[edit] Parameters

k - elliptic modulus or eccentricity (a floating-point or integer value)

[edit] Return value

If no errors occur, value of the complete elliptic integral of the first kind of k, that is std::ellint_1(k, π/2), is returned.

[edit] Error handling

Errors may be reported as specified in math_errhandling.

  • If the argument is NaN, NaN is returned and domain error is not reported.
  • If |k|>1, a domain error may occur.

[edit] Notes

Implementations that do not support C++17, but support ISO 29124:2010, provide this function if __STDCPP_MATH_SPEC_FUNCS__ is defined by the implementation to a value at least 201003L and if the user defines __STDCPP_WANT_MATH_SPEC_FUNCS__ before including any standard library headers.

Implementations that do not support ISO 29124:2010 but support TR 19768:2007 (TR1), provide this function in the header tr1/cmath and namespace std::tr1.

An implementation of this function is also available in boost.math.

The additional overloads are not required to be provided exactly as (A). They only need to be sufficient to ensure that for their argument num of integer type, std::comp_ellint_1(num) has the same effect as std::comp_ellint_1(static_cast<double>(num)).

[edit] Example

The period of a pendulum of length l, given acceleration due to gravity g, and initial angle θ equals 4⋅l/g⋅K(sin(θ/2)), where K is std::comp_ellint_1.

#include <cmath>
#include <iostream>
#include <numbers>
int main()
    constexpr double π{std::numbers::pi};
    std::cout << "K(0) ≈ " << std::comp_ellint_1(0) << '\n'
              << "π/2 ≈ " << π / 2 << '\n'
              << "K(0.5) ≈ " << std::comp_ellint_1(0.5) << '\n'
              << "F(0.5, π/2) ≈ " << std::ellint_1(0.5, π / 2) << '\n'
              << "The period of a pendulum length 1m at 10° initial angle ≈ "
              << 4 * std::sqrt(1 / 9.80665) * std::comp_ellint_1(std::sin(π / 18 / 2))
              << "s,\n" "whereas the linear approximation gives ≈ "
              << 2 * π * std::sqrt(1 / 9.80665) << '\n';


K(0) ≈ 1.5708
π/2 ≈ 1.5708
K(0.5) ≈ 1.68575
F(0.5, π/2) ≈ 1.68575
The period of a pendulum length 1 m at 10° initial angle ≈ 2.01024s,
whereas the linear approximation gives ≈ 2.00641

[edit] See also

(incomplete) elliptic integral of the first kind
(function) [edit]

[edit] External links

Weisstein, Eric W. "Complete Elliptic Integral of the First Kind." From MathWorld — A Wolfram Web Resource.