< cpp‎ | ranges
Defined in header <ranges>
inline namespace /*unspecified*/ {

    inline constexpr /*unspecified*/ cbegin = /*unspecified*/;

(1) (since C++20)
(customization point object)
Call signature
template< class T >

    requires /* see below */

constexpr std::input_or_output_iterator auto cbegin(T&& t);


Let t be an object of type T.

ranges::cbegin is expression-equivalent to:

1) ranges::begin(static_cast<const T&>(std::forward<T>(t))) if t is an lvalue.
2) ranges::begin(static_cast<const T&&>(std::forward<T>(t))) if t is an rvalue.

The returned object models std::input_or_output_iterator in both cases.


[edit] Expression-equivalent

Expression e is expression-equivalent to expression f, if e and f have the same effects, either are both potentially-throwing or are both not potentially-throwing (i.e. noexcept(e) == noexcept(f)), and either are both constant subexpressions or are both not constant subexpressions.

[edit] Customization point objects

The name ranges::cbegin denotes a customization point object, which is a const function object of a literal semiregular class type (denoted, for exposition purposes, as cbegin_ftor). All instances of cbegin_ftor are equal. Thus, ranges::cbegin can be copied freely and its copies can be used interchangeably.

Given a set of types Args..., if std::declval<Args>()... meet the requirements for arguments to ranges::cbegin above, cbegin_ftor will satisfy std::invocable<const cbegin_ftor&, Args...>. Otherwise, no function call operator of cbegin_ftor participates in overload resolution.

[edit] Example

#include <iostream>
#include <ranges>
#include <vector>
int main() 
    std::vector<int> v = { 3, 1, 4 };
    auto vi = std::ranges::cbegin(v);
    std::cout << *vi << '\n'; 
    // *vi = 42; // Error: read-only variable is not assignable
    int a[] = { -5, 10, 15 };
    auto ai = std::ranges::cbegin(a);
    std::cout << *ai << '\n';
    // *ai = 42; // Error: read-only variable is not assignable



[edit] See also

returns an iterator to the beginning of a range
(customization point object) [edit]
returns an iterator to the beginning of a container or array
(function template) [edit]