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std::ranges::constant_range

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | ranges
 
 
Ranges library
Range access
Range conversions
(C++23)

Range primitives



Dangling iterator handling
Range concepts
constant_range
(C++23)
Views

Range factories
Range adaptors
Range generators
Range adaptor objects
Range adaptor closure objects
Helper items
(until C++23)(C++23)


 
Defined in header <ranges>
template< class T >

concept constant_range =
    ranges::input_range<T> &&

    /*constant-iterator*/<ranges::iterator_t<T>>;
(1) (since C++23)
Helper concepts
template< class T >

concept /*constant-iterator*/ =
    std::input_iterator<T> &&

    std::same_as<std::iter_const_reference_t<T>, std::iter_reference_t<T>>;
(2) (exposition only*)
1) The constant_range concept is a refinement of range for which ranges::begin returns a constant iterator.
2) The exposition-only concept /*constant-iterator*/<T> is satisfied when the result of the indirection operation of the input iterator is its const reference type which implies read-only.

[edit] Example

#include <ranges>
#include <span>
#include <string_view>
#include <vector>
 
// mechanisms for ensuring the parameter is a constant range
// 1) an overload set where the mutable one defers to the constant one
template<std::ranges::constant_range R>
void takes_any_range1(R&& r)
{
    // R is definitely a constant range
}
 
template<std::ranges::range R>
void takes_any_range1(R&& r)
{
    takes_any_range1(std::views::as_const(std::forward<R>(r)));
}
 
// 2) one function template that shadows its parameter
template<std::ranges::range R>
void takes_any_range2(R&& _r)
{
    auto r = std::views::as_const(std::forward<R>(_r));
 
    // r is definitely a constant range
    // never use _r again
}
 
// 3) one function template that recursively invokes itself
template<std::ranges::range R>
void takes_any_range3(R&& r)
{
    if constexpr (std::ranges::constant_range<R>)
    {
        // R is definitely a constant range
        // put implementation here
    }
    else
        takes_any_range3(std::views::as_const(std::forward<R>(r)));
}
 
static_assert
(
        std::ranges::constant_range<const std::vector<int>> and
    not std::ranges::constant_range<std::vector<int>> and
        std::ranges::constant_range<std::string_view> and
    not std::ranges::constant_range<std::span<int>> and
        std::ranges::constant_range<std::span<const int>> and
    not std::ranges::constant_range<const std::span<int>>
);
 
int main() {}