std::ranges::views::stride, std::ranges::stride_view

< cpp‎ | ranges
Ranges library
Range access
Range conversions
Range primitives

Dangling iterator handling
Range concepts


Range adaptor objects
Range adaptor closure objects
Helper items
Defined in header <ranges>
template< ranges::input_range V >

    requires ranges::view<V>
class stride_view :

    public ranges::view_interface<stride_view<V>>
(1) (since C++23)
namespace views {

    inline constexpr /* unspecified */ stride = /* unspecified */;

(2) (since C++23)
Call signature
template< ranges::viewable_range R >
constexpr ranges::view auto stride( R&& r, ranges::range_difference_t<V> n );
(since C++23)
template< ranges::forward_range V >

    requires ranges::view<V>

constexpr __range_adaptor_closure stride( ranges::range_difference_t<V> n );
(since C++23)
Helper templates
1) stride_view is a range adaptor that takes a view and a number n and produces a view, that consists of elements of the original view by advancing over n elements at a time. This means that each mth element of the produced view is (n * i)th element of the original view, for some non-negative index i. The elements of the original view, whose "index" is not a multiple of n, are not present in the produced view.
Let S be the size of the original view. Then the size of produced view is:
  • (S / n) + (S % n ? 1 : 0), if S >= n; otherwise,
  • 1, if S > 0; otherwise,
  • 0, and the resulting view is empty.
2) The name views::stride denotes a RangeAdaptorObject. Given subexpressions e and n, the expression views::stride(e, n) is expression-equivalent to stride_view(e, n).
The n must be greater than 0, otherwise the behavior is undefined.

stride_view always models input_range, and models forward_range, bidirectional_range, random_access_range, and/or sized_range, if adapted view type V models the corresponding concept. stride_view<V> models common_range whenever the underlying view V does.


[edit] Expression-equivalent

Expression e is expression-equivalent to expression f, if

  • e and f have the same effects, and
  • either both are constant subexpressions or else neither is a constant subexpression, and
  • either both are potentially-throwing or else neither is potentially-throwing (i.e. noexcept(e) == noexcept(f)).

[edit] Data members

Typical implementations of stride_view hold only two non-static data members:

  • the underlying view of type V (shown here as base_ for exposition only),
  • the size object (the "stride") of type ranges::range_difference_t<V> (shown here as stride_ for exposition only).

[edit] Member functions

constructs a stride_view
(public member function) [edit]
returns the stored stride value
(public member function)
returns a copy of the underlying (adapted) view
(public member function) [edit]
returns an iterator to the beginning
(public member function) [edit]
returns an iterator or a sentinel to the end
(public member function) [edit]
returns the number of elements. Provided only if the underlying (adapted) range satisfies sized_range.
(public member function) [edit]
Inherited from std::ranges::view_interface
Returns whether the derived view is empty. Provided if it satisfies sized_range or forward_range.
(public member function of std::ranges::view_interface<D>) [edit]
Returns whether the derived view is not empty. Provided if ranges::empty is applicable to it.
(public member function of std::ranges::view_interface<D>) [edit]
Returns the first element in the derived view. Provided if it satisfies forward_range.
(public member function of std::ranges::view_interface<D>) [edit]
Returns the last element in the derived view. Provided if it satisfies bidirectional_range and common_range.
(public member function of std::ranges::view_interface<D>) [edit]
Returns the nth element in the derived view. Provided if it satisfies random_access_range.
(public member function of std::ranges::view_interface<D>) [edit]

[edit] Deduction guides

[edit] Nested classes

the iterator type
(exposition-only member class template)

[edit] Helper templates

template< class V >

    inline constexpr bool ranges::enable_borrowed_range<stride_view<V>> =

(since C++23)

This specialization of ranges::enable_borrowed_range makes stride_view satisfy borrowed_range when the underlying view satisfies it.

[edit] Notes

Feature-test macro Value Std Comment
__cpp_lib_ranges_stride 202207L (C++23) std::ranges::stride_view

[edit] Example

A link to test: Compiler Explorer.

#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>
#include <ranges>
#include <string_view>
using namespace std::literals;
void print(std::ranges::viewable_range auto &&v, std::string_view separator = " ")
    for (auto const &x : v)
        std::cout << x << separator;
    std::cout << '\n';
int main()
    print(std::views::iota(1, 13) | std::views::stride(3));
    print(std::views::iota(1, 13) | std::views::stride(3) | std::views::reverse);
    print(std::views::iota(1, 13) | std::views::reverse | std::views::stride(3));
    print("0x0!133713337*x//42/A$"sv | std::views::stride(0B11) |
          std::views::transform([](char O) -> char { return 0100 + O; }),


1 4 7 10
10 7 4 1
12 9 6 3

[edit] References

  • C++23 standard (ISO/IEC 14882:2023):
  • 26.7.30 Slide view [range.stride]

[edit] See also

a view whose Mth element is a view over the Mth through (M + N - 1)th elements of another view
(class template) (range adaptor object) [edit]
a range of views that are N-sized non-overlapping successive chunks of the elements of another view
(class template) (range adaptor object) [edit]
a view consisting of tuples of references to adjacent elements of the adapted view
(class template) (range adaptor object) [edit]
a view that consists of the elements of a range that satisfies a predicate
(class template) (range adaptor object) [edit]