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std::basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>::find_first_not_of

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basic_string::find_first_not_of
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size_type find_first_not_of( const basic_string& str,
                             size_type pos = 0 ) const;
(1) (noexcept since C++11)
(constexpr since C++20)
size_type find_first_not_of( const CharT* s,
                             size_type pos, size_type count ) const;
(2) (constexpr since C++20)
size_type find_first_not_of( const CharT* s,
                             size_type pos = 0 ) const;
(3) (constexpr since C++20)
size_type find_first_not_of( CharT ch, size_type pos = 0 ) const;
(4) (noexcept since C++11)
(constexpr since C++20)
template< class StringViewLike >

size_type
    find_first_not_of( const StringViewLike& t,

                       size_type pos = 0 ) const noexcept(/* see below */);
(5) (since C++17)
(constexpr since C++20)

Finds the first character equal to none of the characters in the given character sequence. The search considers only the range [possize()). If all characters in the range can be found in the given character sequence, npos will be returned.

1) Finds the first character equal to none of characters in str.
2) Finds the first character equal to none of characters in range [ss + count). This range can include null characters.
If [ss + count) is not a valid range, the behavior is undefined.
3) Finds the first character equal to none of characters in character string pointed to by s. The length of the string is determined by the first null character using Traits::length(s).
If [ss + Traits::length(s)) is not a valid range, the behavior is undefined.
4) Finds the first character not equal to ch.
5) Implicitly converts t to a string view sv as if by std::basic_string_view<CharT, Traits> sv = t;, then finds the first character equal to none of characters in sv.
This overload participates in overload resolution only if std::is_convertible_v<const StringViewLike&,
                      std::basic_string_view<CharT, Traits>>
is true and std::is_convertible_v<const StringViewLike&, const CharT*> is false.

In all cases, equality is checked by calling Traits::eq.

Contents

[edit] Parameters

str - string identifying characters to search for
pos - position for the search to start from
count - length of character string identifying characters to search for
s - pointer to a character string identifying characters to search for
ch - character identifying characters to search for
t - object (convertible to std::basic_string_view) identifying characters to search for

[edit] Return value

Position of the found character or std::string::npos if no such character is found.

[edit] Exceptions

1,4) Throws nothing.
5)
noexcept specification:  
noexcept(std::is_nothrow_convertible_v<const T&, std::basic_string_view<CharT, Traits>>)

If an exception is thrown for any reason, this function has no effect (strong exception safety guarantee).

[edit] Example

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
 
int main()
{
    // Permit uppercase letters, lowercase letters and numbers in macro names
    const char* pattern = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"
                          "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"
                          "0123456789";
 
    std::string data = "1) %FIX, 2) %HACK, and 3) %TODO";
    const std::string replacement = "%DONE%";
 
    std::cout << "Before: " << data << '\n';
 
    for (std::string::size_type first{}, last{};
        (first = data.find('%', first)) != std::string::npos;
        first += replacement.size())
    {
        last = data.find_first_not_of(pattern, first + 1);
        if (last == std::string::npos)
            last = data.length();
 
        // Now first at '%' and last is one past end of the found substring
        data.replace(first, last - first, replacement);
    }
 
    std::cout << "After: " << data << '\n';
}

Output:

Before: 1) %FIX, 2) %HACK, and 3) %TODO
After: 1) %DONE%, 2) %DONE%, and 3) %DONE%

[edit] Defect reports

The following behavior-changing defect reports were applied retroactively to previously published C++ standards.

DR Applied to Behavior as published Correct behavior
LWG 847 C++98 there was no exception safety guarantee added strong exception safety guarantee
LWG 2064 C++11 overloads (3,4) were noexcept removed
LWG 2946 C++17 overload (5) caused ambiguity in some cases avoided by making it a template
P1148R0 C++11
C++17
noexcept for overloads (4,5) were
accidently dropped by LWG2064/LWG2946
restored

[edit] See also

finds the first occurrence of the given substring
(public member function) [edit]
find the last occurrence of a substring
(public member function) [edit]
find first occurrence of characters
(public member function) [edit]
find last occurrence of characters
(public member function) [edit]
find last absence of characters
(public member function) [edit]
find first absence of characters
(public member function of std::basic_string_view<CharT,Traits>) [edit]