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std::basic_string<CharT,Traits,Allocator>::find_first_of

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | string‎ | basic string
 
 
 
std::basic_string
Non-member functions
I/O
Comparison
(until C++20)(until C++20)(until C++20)(until C++20)(until C++20)(C++20)
Numeric conversion (C++11)
Deduction guides (C++17)
Helper classes
 
(1)
size_type find_first_of( const basic_string& str, size_type pos = 0 ) const;
(until C++11)
size_type find_first_of( const basic_string& str,
                         size_type pos = 0 ) const noexcept;
(since C++11)
(until C++20)
constexpr size_type find_first_of( const basic_string& str,
                                   size_type pos = 0 ) const noexcept;
(since C++20)
(2)
size_type find_first_of( const CharT* s, size_type pos, size_type count ) const;
(until C++20)
constexpr size_type find_first_of( const CharT* s,
                                   size_type pos, size_type count ) const;
(since C++20)
(3)
size_type find_first_of( const CharT* s, size_type pos = 0 ) const;
(until C++20)
constexpr size_type find_first_of( const CharT* s, size_type pos = 0 ) const;
(since C++20)
(4)
size_type find_first_of( CharT ch, size_type pos = 0 ) const;
(until C++11)
size_type find_first_of( CharT ch, size_type pos = 0 ) const noexcept;
(since C++11)
(until C++20)
constexpr size_type find_first_of( CharT ch, size_type pos = 0 ) const noexcept;
(since C++20)
(5)
template < class T >

size_type
    find_first_of( const T& t,

                   size_type pos = 0 ) const noexcept(/* see below */);
(since C++17)
(until C++20)
template < class T >

constexpr size_type
    find_first_of( const T& t,

                   size_type pos = 0 ) const noexcept(/* see below */);
(since C++20)

Finds the first character equal to one of the characters in the given character sequence. The search considers only the interval [pos, size()). If the character is not present in the interval, npos will be returned.

1) Finds the first character equal to one of the characters in str.
2) Finds the first character equal to one of the characters in the range [s, s+count). This range can include null characters.
3) Finds the first character equal to one of the characters in character string pointed to by s. The length of the string is determined by the first null character using Traits::length(s).
4) Finds the first character equal to ch.
5) Implicitly converts t to a string view sv as if by std::basic_string_view<CharT, Traits> sv = t;, then finds the first character equal to one of the characters in sv. This overload participates in overload resolution only if std::is_convertible_v<const T&, std::basic_string_view<CharT, Traits>> is true and std::is_convertible_v<const T&, const CharT*> is false.

Contents

[edit] Parameters

str - string identifying characters to search for
pos - position at which to begin searching
count - length of character string identifying characters to search for
s - pointer to a character string identifying characters to search for
ch - character to search for
t - object (convertible to std::basic_string_view) identifying characters to search for

[edit] Return value

Position of the found character or npos if no such character is found.

[edit] Exceptions

5)
noexcept specification:  
noexcept(std::is_nothrow_convertible_v<const T&, std::basic_string_view<CharT, Traits>>)

[edit] Notes

Traits::eq() is used to perform the comparison.

[edit] Example

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
 
int main()
{
    // the test string
    std::string str = std::string("Hello World!");
 
    // strings and chars to search for
    std::string search_str = std::string("o");
    const char* search_cstr = "Good Bye!";
 
    std::cout << str.find_first_of(search_str) << '\n';
    std::cout << str.find_first_of(search_str, 5) << '\n';
    std::cout << str.find_first_of(search_cstr) << '\n';
    std::cout << str.find_first_of(search_cstr, 0, 4) << '\n';
    // 'x' is not in "Hello World', thus it will return std::string::npos
    std::cout << str.find_first_of('x') << '\n';
}

Possible output:

4
7
1
4
18446744073709551615

[edit] Defect reports

The following behavior-changing defect reports were applied retroactively to previously published C++ standards.

DR Applied to Behavior as published Correct behavior
LWG 2064 C++11 overload (3) and (4) were noexcept removed
LWG 2946 C++17 string_view overload causes ambiguity in some cases avoided by making it a template
P1148R0 C++11
C++17
noexcept for overload (4)/(5) was accidently dropped by LWG2064/LWG2946 restored

[edit] See also

find characters in the string
(public member function) [edit]
find the last occurrence of a substring
(public member function) [edit]
find first absence of characters
(public member function) [edit]
find last occurrence of characters
(public member function) [edit]
find last absence of characters
(public member function) [edit]
find first occurrence of characters
(public member function of std::basic_string_view<CharT,Traits>) [edit]
returns the length of the maximum initial segment that consists
of only the characters found in another byte string
(function) [edit]