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deduction guides for std::basic_string_view

From cppreference.com
 
 
 
 
Defined in header <string_view>
template<class It, class End>
basic_string_view(It, End) -> basic_string_view<std::iter_value_t<It>>;
(since C++20)

One deduction guide is provided for std::basic_string_view to allow the character type to be deduced from the iterator-sentinel pair. This overload only participates in overload resolution if It satisfies contiguous_iterator and End satisfies sized_sentinel_for for It.

[edit] Example

#include <array>
#include <iostream>
#include <string_view>
 
int main()
{
    std::array a1 {'n', 'u', 'c', 'l', 'e', 'o', 'n', 's', ':', '\n'};
    std::basic_string_view s1(a1.cbegin(), a1.cend()); // deduction: CharT -> char
    static_assert(std::is_same_v<decltype(s1)::value_type, char>);
    std::cout << s1;
 
    std::array a2 {L'p', L'r', L'o', L't', L'o', L'n', L's', L'\n'};
    std::basic_string_view s2(a2.cbegin(), a2.cend()); // deduction: CharT -> wchar_t
    static_assert(std::is_same_v<decltype(s2)::value_type, wchar_t>);
    std::wcout << s2;
 
    std::array<long, 9> a3 {'n', 'e', 'u', 't', 'r', 'o', 'n', 's', '\n'};
    std::basic_string_view s3(a3.cbegin(), a3.cend()); // deduction: CharT -> long
    static_assert(std::is_same_v<decltype(s3)::value_type, long>);
    for (const auto e : s3) { std::cout << static_cast<char>(e); }
}

Output:

nucleons:
protons
neutrons