std::hash (std::string_view, std::wstring_view, std::u16string_view, std::u32string_view)

Defined in header <string_view>
template<> struct hash<std::string_view>;
(since C++17)
template<> struct hash<std::wstring_view>;
(since C++17)
template<> struct hash<std::u8string_view>;
(since C++20)
template<> struct hash<std::u16string_view>;
(since C++17)
template<> struct hash<std::u32string_view>;
(since C++17)

Template specializations of std::hash for the various view classes for hashing views.

These hashes equal the hashes of corresponding std::basic_string classes: If S is one of the standard basic_string types, SV is the corresponding string view type, and s is an object of type S, then std::hash<S>()(s) == std::hash<SV>()(SV(s)).

[edit] Example

#include <iostream>
#include <string_view>
#include <unordered_set>
using namespace std::literals;
int main() {
    std::cout << "\"A\"   #: " << std::hash<std::string_view>{}("A"sv) << '\n';
    std::cout << "L\"B\"  #: " << std::hash<std::wstring_view>{}(L"B"sv) << '\n';
    std::cout << "u8\"C\" #: " << std::hash<std::u8string_view>{}(u8"C"sv) << '\n';
    std::cout << "u\"D\"  #: " << std::hash<std::u16string_view>{}(u"D"sv) << '\n';
    std::cout << "U\"E\"  #: " << std::hash<std::u32string_view>{}(U"E"sv) << '\n';
    // std::hash for string_view family makes it possible to keep these view-types
    // in unordered_* associative containers, such as unordered_set. But ensure
    // the lifespan of referenced strings is no less than lifespan of the container,
    // i.e. no dangling references occurred.
    std::unordered_set stars{"Rigel"sv, "Capella"sv, "Vega"sv, "Arcturus"sv};
    for (std::string_view const& s : stars) {
        std::cout << s << ' ';
    std::cout << '\n';

Possible output:

"A"   #: 6919333181322027406
L"B"  #: 11959850520494268278
u8"C" #: 12432341034569643010
u"D"  #: 312659256970442235
U"E"  #: 18073225910249204957
Arcturus Vega Capella Rigel

[edit] See also

hash function object
(class template) [edit]
hash support for strings
(class template specialization) [edit]