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std::isgraph

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | string‎ | byte
Defined in header <cctype>
int isgraph( int ch );

Checks if the given character is graphic (has a graphical representation) as classified by the currently installed C locale. In the default C locale, the following characters are graphic:

  • digits (0123456789)
  • uppercase letters (ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ)
  • lowercase letters (abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz)
  • punctuation characters (!"#$%&'()*+,-./:;<=>?@[\]^_`{|}~)

The behavior is undefined if the value of ch is not representable as unsigned char and is not equal to EOF.

Contents

[edit] Parameters

ch - character to classify

[edit] Return value

Non-zero value if the character has a graphical representation character, zero otherwise.

[edit] Notes

Like all other functions from <cctype>, the behavior of std::isgraph is undefined if the argument's value is neither representable as unsigned char nor equal to EOF. To use these functions safely with plain chars (or signed chars), the argument should first be converted to unsigned char:

bool my_isgraph(char ch)
{
    return std::isgraph(static_cast<unsigned char>(ch));
}

Similarly, they should not be directly used with standard algorithms when the iterator's value type is char or signed char. Instead, convert the value to unsigned char first:

int count_graphs(const std::string& s)
{
    return std::count_if(s.begin(), s.end(), 
                      // static_cast<int(*)(int)>(std::isgraph)         // wrong
                      // [](int c){ return std::isgraph(c); }           // wrong
                      // [](char c){ return std::isgraph(c); }          // wrong
                         [](unsigned char c){ return std::isgraph(c); } // correct
                        );
}

[edit] Example

#include <iostream>
#include <cctype>
#include <clocale>
 
int main()
{
    unsigned char c = '\xb6'; // the character ¶ in ISO-8859-1
 
    std::cout << "isgraph(\'\\xb6\', default C locale) returned "
               << std::boolalpha << (bool)std::isgraph(c) << '\n';
 
    std::setlocale(LC_ALL, "en_GB.iso88591");
    std::cout << "isgraph(\'\\xb6\', ISO-8859-1 locale) returned "
              << std::boolalpha << (bool)std::isgraph(c) << '\n';
}

Possible output:

isgraph('\xb6', default C locale) returned false
isgraph('\xb6', ISO-8859-1 locale) returned true

[edit] See also

checks if a character is classfied as graphical by a locale
(function template) [edit]
checks if a wide character is a graphical character
(function) [edit]
C documentation for isgraph
ASCII values characters

iscntrl
iswcntrl

isprint
iswprint

isspace
iswspace

isblank
iswblank

isgraph
iswgraph

ispunct
iswpunct

isalnum
iswalnum

isalpha
iswalpha

isupper
iswupper

islower
iswlower

isdigit
iswdigit

isxdigit
iswxdigit

decimal hexadecimal octal
0–8 \x0\x8 \0\10 control codes (NUL, etc.) ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 \x9 \11 tab (\t) ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10–13 \xA\xD \12\15 whitespaces (\n, \v, \f, \r) ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14–31 \xE\x1F \16\37 control codes ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
32 \x20 \40 space 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
33–47 \x21\x2F \41\57 !"#$%&'()*+,-./ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
48–57 \x30\x39 \60\71 0123456789 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0
58–64 \x3A\x40 \72\100 :;<=>?@ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
65–70 \x41\x46 \101\106 ABCDEF 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0
71–90 \x47\x5A \107\132 GHIJKLMNOP
QRSTUVWXYZ
0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0
91–96 \x5B\x60 \133\140 [\]^_` 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
97–102 \x61\x66 \141\146 abcdef 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0
103–122 \x67\x7A \147\172 ghijklmnop
qrstuvwxyz
0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0
123–126 \x7B\x7E \172\176 {|}~ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
127 \x7F \177 backspace character (DEL) ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0