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std::memchr

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | string‎ | byte
Defined in header <cstring>
const void* memchr( const void* ptr, int ch, std::size_t count );
      void* memchr(       void* ptr, int ch, std::size_t count );

Converts ch to unsigned char and locates the first occurrence of that value in the initial count characters (each interpreted as unsigned char) of the object pointed to by ptr.

This function behaves as if it reads the characters sequentially and stops as soon as a matching character is found: if the array pointed to by ptr is smaller than count, but the match is found within the array, the behavior is well-defined

(since C++17)

Contents

[edit] Parameters

ptr - pointer to the object to be examined
ch - character to search for
count - max number of characters to examine

[edit] Return value

Pointer to the location of the character, or a null pointer if no such character is found.

[edit] Example

Search an array of characters.

#include <iostream>
#include <cstring>
 
int main()
{
    char arr[] = {'a','\0','a','A','a','a','A','a'};
    char *pc = (char*)std::memchr(arr,'A',sizeof arr);
    if (pc != nullptr)
       std::cout << "search character found\n";
    else
       std::cout << "search character not found\n";
}

Output:

search character found

[edit] See also

finds the first occurrence of a character
(function) [edit]
finds the first element satisfying specific criteria
(function template) [edit]
C documentation for memchr