< cpp‎ | thread‎ | future
Concurrency support library
this_thread namespace
Atomic types
Initialization of atomic types
(C++11)(deprecated in C++20)
(C++11)(deprecated in C++20)
Free functions for atomic operations
Free functions for atomic flags
Memory ordering
Mutual exclusion
Generic lock management
Condition variables
Latches and barriers
template< class Rep, class Period >
std::future_status wait_for( const std::chrono::duration<Rep,Period>& timeout_duration ) const;
(since C++11)

Waits for the result to become available. Blocks until specified timeout_duration has elapsed or the result becomes available, whichever comes first. The return value identifies the state of the result.

If the future is the result of a call to std::async that used lazy evaluation, this function returns immediately without waiting.

This function may block for longer than timeout_duration due to scheduling or resource contention delays.

The standard recommends that a steady clock is used to measure the duration. If an implementation uses a system clock instead, the wait time may also be sensitive to clock adjustments.

The behavior is undefined if valid() is false before the call to this function.


[edit] Parameters

timeout_duration - maximum duration to block for

[edit] Return value

Constant Explanation
future_status::deferred The shared state contains a deferred function using lazy evaluation, so the result will be computed only when explicitly requested
future_status::ready The result is ready
future_status::timeout The timeout has expired

[edit] Exceptions

Any exception thrown by clock, time_point, or duration during the execution (clocks, time points, and durations provided by the standard library never throw)

[edit] Notes

The implementations are encouraged to detect the case when valid == false before the call and throw a std::future_error with an error condition of std::future_errc::no_state.

[edit] Example

#include <iostream>
#include <future>
#include <thread>
#include <chrono>
using namespace std::chrono_literals;
int main()
    std::future<int> future = std::async(std::launch::async, [](){
        return 8;
    std::cout << "waiting...\n";
    std::future_status status;
    do {
        switch(status = future.wait_for(1s); status) {
            case std::future_status::deferred: std::cout << "deferred\n"; break;
            case std::future_status::timeout: std::cout << "timeout\n"; break;
            case std::future_status::ready: std::cout << "ready!\n"; break;
    } while (status != std::future_status::ready);
    std::cout << "result is " << future.get() << '\n';

Possible output:

result is 8

[edit] See also

waits for the result to become available
(public member function) [edit]
waits for the result, returns if it is not available until specified time point has been reached
(public member function) [edit]