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std::stop_source

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | thread
 
 
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Defined in header <stop_token>
class stop_source;
(since C++20)

The stop_source class provides the means to issue a stop request, such as for std::jthread cancellation. A stop request made for one stop_source object is visible to all stop_sources and std::stop_tokens of the same associated stop-state; any std::stop_callback(s) registered for associated std::stop_token(s) will be invoked, and any std::condition_variable_any objects waiting on associated std::stop_token(s) will be awoken.

Once a stop is requested, it cannot be withdrawn. Additional stop requests have no effect.

Contents

[edit] Member functions

constructs new stop_source object
(public member function) [edit]
destructs the stop_source object
(public member function) [edit]
assigns the stop_source object
(public member function) [edit]
Modifiers
makes a stop request for the associated stop-state, if any
(public member function) [edit]
swaps two stop_source objects
(public member function) [edit]
Observers
returns a stop_token for the associated stop-state
(public member function) [edit]
checks whether the associated stop-state has been requested to stop
(public member function) [edit]
checks whether associated stop-state can be requested to stop
(public member function) [edit]

[edit] Non-member functions

compares two std::stop_source objects
(function) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function) [edit]

[edit] Helper constants

a std::nostopstate_t instance for use in stop_source constructor
(constant) [edit]

[edit] Helper classes

placeholder type for use in stop_source constructor
(class) [edit]

[edit] Notes

For the purposes of std::jthread cancellation the stop_source object should be retrieved from the std::jthread object using get_stop_source(); or stop should be requested directly from the std::jthread object using request_stop(). This will then use the same associated stop-state as that passed into the std::jthread's invoked function argument (i.e., the function being executed on its thread).

For other uses, however, a stop_source can be constructed separately using the default constructor, which creates new stop-state.

Feature-test macro Value Std Feature
__cpp_lib_jthread 201911L (C++20) Stop token and joining thread

[edit] Example

#include <chrono>
#include <iostream>
#include <stop_token>
#include <thread>
 
using namespace std::chrono_literals;
 
void worker_fun(int id, std::stop_source stop_source)
{
    std::stop_token stoken = stop_source.get_token();
    for (int i = 10; i; --i)
    {
        std::this_thread::sleep_for(300ms);
        if (stoken.stop_requested())
        {
            std::printf("  worker%d is requested to stop\n", id);
            return;
        }
        std::printf("  worker%d goes back to sleep\n", id);
    }
}
 
int main()
{
    std::jthread threads[4];
    std::cout << std::boolalpha;
    auto print = [](const std::stop_source& source)
    {
        std::printf("stop_source stop_possible = %s, stop_requested = %s\n",
                    source.stop_possible() ? "true" : "false",
                    source.stop_requested() ? "true" : "false");
    };
 
    // Common source
    std::stop_source stop_source;
 
    print(stop_source);
 
    // Create worker threads
    for (int i = 0; i < 4; ++i)
        threads[i] = std::jthread(worker_fun, i + 1, stop_source);
 
    std::this_thread::sleep_for(500ms);
 
    std::puts("Request stop");
    stop_source.request_stop();
 
    print(stop_source);
 
    // Note: destructor of jthreads will call join so no need for explicit calls
}

Possible output:

stop_source stop_possible = true, stop_requested = false
  worker2 goes back to sleep
  worker3 goes back to sleep
  worker1 goes back to sleep
  worker4 goes back to sleep
Request stop
stop_source stop_possible = true, stop_requested = true
  worker3 is requested to stop
  worker1 is requested to stop
  worker2 is requested to stop
  worker4 is requested to stop