< cpp‎ | types
Metaprogramming library
Type traits
Type categories
Type properties
(C++11)(until C++20*)
(C++11)(deprecated in C++20)
Type trait constants
Supported operations
Relationships and property queries
Type modifications
Type transformations
(C++11)(deprecated in C++23)
(C++11)(deprecated in C++23)

(C++11)(until C++20*)(C++17)
Compile-time rational arithmetic
Compile-time integer sequences
Defined in header <type_traits>

    std::size_t Len,
    std::size_t Align = /* default-alignment */

struct aligned_storage;
(since C++11)
(deprecated in C++23)

Provides the nested type type, which is a trivial standard-layout type suitable for use as uninitialized storage for any object whose size is at most Len and whose alignment requirement is a divisor of Align.

The default value of Align is the most stringent (the largest) alignment requirement for any object whose size is at most Len. If the default value is not used, Align must be the value of alignof(T) for some type T, or the behavior is undefined.

The behavior is undefined if Len == 0.

It is implementation-defined whether any extended alignment is supported.

The behavior of a program that adds specializations for std::aligned_storage is undefined.


[edit] Member types

Name Definition
type a trivial and standard-layout type of at least size Len with alignment requirement Align

[edit] Helper types

template< std::size_t Len, std::size_t Align = /* default-alignment */ >
using aligned_storage_t = typename aligned_storage<Len, Align>::type;
(since C++14)
(deprecated in C++23)

[edit] Notes

The type defined by std::aligned_storage<>::type can be used to create uninitialized memory blocks suitable to hold the objects of given type, optionally aligned stricter than their natural alignment requirement, for example on a cache or page boundary.

As with any other uninitialized storage, the objects are created using placement new and destroyed with explicit destructor calls.

[edit] Possible implementation

Except for default argument, aligned_storage is expressible in terms of alignas:

template<std::size_t Len, std::size_t Align = /* default alignment not implemented */>
struct aligned_storage
    struct type
        alignas(Align) unsigned char data[Len];

[edit] Example

A primitive static vector class, demonstrating creation, access, and destruction of objects in aligned storage

#include <iostream>
#include <new>
#include <string>
#include <type_traits>
template<class T, std::size_t N>
class static_vector
    // properly aligned uninitialized storage for N T's
    std::aligned_storage_t<sizeof(T), alignof(T)> data[N];
    std::size_t m_size = 0;
    // Create an object in aligned storage
    template<typename ...Args> void emplace_back(Args&&... args)
        if( m_size >= N ) // possible error handling
            throw std::bad_alloc{};
        // construct value in memory of aligned storage
        // using inplace operator new
        ::new(&data[m_size]) T(std::forward<Args>(args)...);
    // Access an object in aligned storage
    const T& operator[](std::size_t pos) const
        // Note: std::launder is needed after the change of object model in P0137R1
        return *std::launder(reinterpret_cast<const T*>(&data[pos]));
    // Destroy objects from aligned storage
        for (std::size_t pos = 0; pos < m_size; ++pos)
            // Note: std::launder is needed after the change of object model in P0137R1
int main()
    static_vector<std::string, 10> v1;
    v1.emplace_back(5, '*');
    v1.emplace_back(10, '*');
    std::cout << v1[0] << '\n' << v1[1] << '\n';



[edit] See also

alignas specifier(C++11) specifies that the storage for the variable should be aligned by specific amount[edit]
obtains the type's alignment requirements
(class template) [edit]
allocates aligned memory
(function) [edit]
(C++11)(deprecated in C++23)
defines the type suitable for use as uninitialized storage for all given types
(class template) [edit]
trivial type with alignment requirement as great as any other scalar type
(typedef) [edit]
pointer optimization barrier
(function template) [edit]