< cpp‎ | types
Metaprogramming library
Type traits
Type categories
Type properties
(C++11)(until C++20*)
(C++11)(deprecated in C++20)
Type trait constants
Supported operations
Relationships and property queries
Type modifications
Type transformations
(C++11)(deprecated in C++23)
(C++11)(deprecated in C++23)

(C++11)(until C++20*)(C++17)
Compile-time rational arithmetic
Compile-time integer sequences
Defined in header <type_traits>
template< class T >
struct is_abstract;
(since C++11)

std::is_abstract is a UnaryTypeTrait.

If T is an abstract class (that is, a non-union class that declares or inherits at least one pure virtual function), provides the member constant value equal to true. For any other type, value is false.

If T is an incomplete non-union class type, the behavior is undefined.

If the program adds specializations for std::is_abstract or std::is_abstract_v, the behavior is undefined.


[edit] Template parameters

T - a type to check

[edit] Helper variable template

template< class T >
inline constexpr bool is_abstract_v = is_abstract<T>::value;
(since C++17)

Inherited from std::integral_constant

Member constants

true if T is an abstract class type, false otherwise
(public static member constant)

Member functions

operator bool
converts the object to bool, returns value
(public member function)
returns value
(public member function)

Member types

Type Definition
value_type bool
type std::integral_constant<bool, value>

[edit] Example

#include <iostream>
#include <type_traits>
struct A { int m; };
static_assert(std::is_abstract_v<A> == false);
struct B { virtual void foo(); };
static_assert(std::is_abstract_v<B> == false);
struct C { virtual void foo() = 0; };
static_assert(std::is_abstract_v<C> == true);
struct D : C {};
static_assert(std::is_abstract_v<D> == true);
int main() {}

[edit] Defect reports

The following behavior-changing defect reports were applied retroactively to previously published C++ standards.

DR Applied to Behavior as published Correct behavior
LWG 2015 C++11 the behavior was undefined if
T is an incomplete union type
the base characteristic is
std::false_type in this case

[edit] See also

checks if a type is a non-union class type
(class template) [edit]
checks if a type is a polymorphic class type
(class template) [edit]