< cpp‎ | utility‎ | program
Utilities library
General utilities
Relational operators (deprecated in C++20)
Integer comparison functions
Swap and type operations
Common vocabulary types

Elementary string conversions
Program support utilities
Program termination
Communicating with the environment
Signal types
Non-local jumps
Defined in header <cstdlib>
int system( const char* command );

Calls the host environment's command processor (e.g. /bin/sh, cmd.exe, with the parameter command. Returns an implementation-defined value (usually the value that the invoked program returns).

If command is a null pointer, checks if the host environment has a command processor and returns a nonzero value if and only if the command processor exists.


[edit] Parameters

command - character string identifying the command to be run in the command processor. If a null pointer is given, command processor is checked for existence

[edit] Return value

Implementation-defined value. If command is a null pointer, returns a nonzero value if and only if the command processor exists.

[edit] Notes

On POSIX systems, the return value can be decomposed using WEXITSTATUS and WSTOPSIG

The related POSIX function popen makes the output generated by command available to the caller.

An explicit flush of std::cout is also necessary before a call to std::system, if the spawned process performs any screen I/O.

[edit] Example

#include <cstdlib>
#include <fstream>
#include <iostream>
int main()
    std::system("ls -l >test.txt"); // execute the UNIX command "ls -l >test.txt"
    std::cout << std::ifstream("test.txt").rdbuf();

Possible output:

total 16
-rwxr-xr-x 1 2001 2000 8859 Sep 30 20:52 a.out
-rw-rw-rw- 1 2001 2000  161 Sep 30 20:52 main.cpp
-rw-r--r-- 1 2001 2000    0 Sep 30 20:52 test.txt

[edit] See also

C documentation for system