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std::variant_npos

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< cpp‎ | utility‎ | variant
 
 
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Stacktrace
 
 
Defined in header <variant>
inline constexpr std::size_t variant_npos = -1;
(since C++17)

This is a special value equal to the largest value representable by the type std::size_t, used as the return value of index() when valueless_by_exception() is true

#include <iostream>
#include <stdexcept>
#include <string>
#include <variant>
 
struct Demon
{
    Demon(int) {}
    Demon(const Demon&) { throw std::domain_error("copy ctor"); }
    Demon& operator= (const Demon&) = default;
};
 
int main()
{
    std::variant<int, Demon> var{42};
    std::cout
        << std::boolalpha
        << "index == npos: " << (var.index() == std::variant_npos) << '\n';
 
    try { var = Demon{666}; } catch (const std::domain_error& ex)
    {
        std::cout
            << "Exception: " << ex.what() << '\n'
            << "index == npos: " << (var.index() == std::variant_npos) << '\n'
            << "valueless: " << var.valueless_by_exception() << '\n';
    }
}

Possible output:

index == npos: false
Exception: copy ctor
index == npos: true
valueless: true

[edit] See also

returns the zero-based index of the alternative held by the variant
(public member function) [edit]
checks if the variant is in the invalid state
(public member function) [edit]